Alison E. Wallace

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BACKGROUND During pregnancy, maternal uterine spiral arteries (SAs) are remodelled from minimal-flow, high-resistance vessels into larger diameter vessels with low resistance and high flow. Fetal extravillous trophoblasts (EVT) have important roles in this process. Decidual natural killer cells (dNK cells) are the major maternal immune component of the(More)
Transformation of the uterine spiral arteries (SAs) during pregnancy is critical to support the developing fetus, and is impaired in some pregnancy disorders, including preeclampsia. Decidual natural killer (dNK) cells play a role in SA remodeling, although their interactions with fetal trophoblast remain unclear. A uterine artery Doppler resistance index(More)
In human pregnancy, successful placentation and remodelling of the uterine vasculature require the integration of a number of stages, which are crucial for a healthy pregnancy. As the demands of the developing fetus for nutrients and oxygen increase, the capacity of the maternal blood vessels to supply this must be altered radically, with deficiencies in(More)
Endometrial adenocarcinoma is the most common gynaecological malignancy in western countries. Many of the established risk factors for developing endometrial cancer are associated with excess exposure to oestrogen unopposed by progesterone. These include nulliparity, late onset of the menopause, post-menopausal hormone replacement therapy and obesity.(More)
During pregnancy, a specialized type of NK cell accumulates in the lining of the uterus (decidua) and interacts with semiallogeneic fetal trophoblast cells. dNK cells are functionally and phenotypically distinct from PB NK and are implicated in regulation of trophoblast transformation of the uterine spiral arteries, which if inadequately performed, can(More)
Workshops are an important part of the IFPA annual meeting as they allow for discussion of specialized topics. At IFPA meeting 2011 there were twelve themed workshops, three of which are summarized in this report. These workshops related to vascular systems and circulation in the mother, placenta and fetus, and were divided in to 1) angiogenic signaling and(More)
OBJECTIVE During pregnancy, fetal trophoblast disrupt endothelial cell and vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) interactions in spiral arteries of the maternal decidua to enable increased nutritional and oxygen delivery to the fetus. Little is known regarding this transformation because of difficulties of studying human pregnancy in vivo. This study(More)
The prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)) receptor (FP) is elevated in endometrial adenocarcinoma. This study found that PGF(2alpha) signaling via FP regulates expression of chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1 (CXCL1) in endometrial adenocarcinoma cells. Expression of CXCL1 and its receptor, CXCR2, are elevated in cancer tissue compared with normal endometrium(More)
Impaired trophoblast invasion is associated with pregnancy disorders such as early pregnancy loss and preeclampsia. There is evidence to suggest that the consumption of caffeine during pregnancy may increase the risk of pregnancy loss; however, little is known about the direct effect of caffeine on normal trophoblast biology. Our objectives were to examine(More)
Prostaglandin F(2α) (PGF(2α)) is an inflammatory mediator which signals through a G-protein coupled receptor, the F-prostanoid (FP) receptor. We have previously shown elevated FP receptor expression in endometrial adenocarcinoma, a common gynaecological malignancy in Western countries. In this study, the expression of the chemokine CC motif Ligand 20(More)