Alison Donnelly

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The process of adaptation is the result of stabilising selection caused by two opposite forces: protection against an unfavourable season (survival adaptation), and effective use of growing resources (capacity adaptation). As plant species have evolved different life strategies based on different trade offs between survival and capacity adaptations,(More)
Mismatches in phenology between mutually dependent species, resulting from climate change, can have far-reaching consequences throughout an ecosystem at both higher and lower trophic levels. Rising temperatures, due to climate warming, have resulted in advances in development and changes in behaviour of many organisms around the world. However, not all(More)
The main factors triggering and releasing bud dormancy are photoperiod and temperature. Their individual and combined effects are complex and change along a transition from a dormant to a non-dormant state. Despite the number of studies reporting the effects of temperature and photoperiod on dormancy release and budburst, information on the parameters(More)
The promutagenic process known as translesion DNA synthesis reflects the ability of a DNA polymerase to misinsert a nucleotide opposite a damaged DNA template. To study the underlying mechanism of nucleotide selection during this process, we quantified the incorporation of various non-natural nucleotide analogs opposite an abasic site, a non-templating DNA(More)
Translesion DNA synthesis represents the ability of a DNA polymerase to misinsert a nucleotide opposite a DNA lesion. Previous kinetic studies of the bacteriophage T4 DNA polymerase using a series of non-natural nucleotides suggest that pi-electron density of the incoming nucleotide substantially contributes to the efficiency of incorporation opposite an(More)
Spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L., cv. ‘Minaret’) was grown in open-top chambers and exposed to two CO2 concentrations (ambient and 680 ppmv) and two O3 concentrations (ambient and ambient +50 or +90 ppbv) either from anthesis onwards or for the entire growing season. The aim of the experiment was to test whether elevated CO2 could provide ‘protection’ to(More)
Recent climate warming has been observed at the global scale, but by examining developmental stages of plant species (phenology) that are dependent on local climatic conditions, climate change at the local scale can be detected. There are four gardens in Ireland belonging to the International Phenological Gardens (IPG) network, which has recorded tree(More)
To date, phenological research has provided evidence that climate warming is impacting both animals and plants, evidenced by the altered timing of phenophases. Much of the evidence supporting these findings has been provided by analysis of historic records and present-day fieldwork; herbaria have been identified recently as an alternative source of(More)
Citizen science is proving to be an effective tool in tracking the rapid pace at which our environment is changing over large geographic areas. It is becoming increasingly popular, in places such as North America and some European countries, to engage members of the general public and school pupils in the collection of scientific data to support long-term(More)
It is important to accurately determine the response of spring and autumn phenology to climate change in forest ecosystems, as phenological variations affect carbon balance, forest productivity, and biodiversity. We observed phenology intensively throughout spring and autumn in a temperate deciduous woodlot at Milwaukee, WI, USA, during 2007-2012.(More)