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BACKGROUND Beta-barrel transmembrane (bbtm) proteins are a functionally important and diverse group of proteins expressed in the outer membranes of bacteria (both gram negative and acid fast gram positive), mitochondria and chloroplasts. Despite recent publications describing reasonable levels of accuracy for discriminating between bbtm proteins and other(More)
TMB-Hunt is a program that uses a modified k-nearest neighbour (k-NN) algorithm to classify protein sequences as transmembrane beta-barrel (TMB) or non-TMB on the basis of whole sequence amino acid composition. By including differentially weighted amino acids, evolutionary information and by calibrating the scoring, a discrimination accuracy of 92.5% was(More)
The blood dwelling stages of schistosomes have acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and nicotinic-like acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) on their teguments. Both AChE and nAChR are concentrated on the dorsal surface of the adult male, a major surface for nutrient uptake for the worm pair. Exposure of tegumental AChE and nAChR to acetylcholine (ACh), the natural ligand(More)
Obestatin (OB(1-23) is a 23 amino acid peptide encoded on the preproghrelin gene, originally reported to have metabolic actions related to food intake, gastric emptying and body weight. The biological instability of OB(1-23) has recently been highlighted by studies demonstrating its rapid enzymatic cleavage in a number of biological matrices. We assessed(More)
The cDNAs for two novel neuronal-type nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunits have been cloned and characterised from the parasitic trematode blood fluke Schistosoma haematobium. One of these encodes a putative nAChR alpha-subunit named ShAR1alpha, whilst the second encodes a potential non-alpha subunit, ShAR1beta. These ShARs possess the key(More)
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are ligand-gated ion channels that mediate the fast actions of the neurotransmitter, acetylcholine. Invertebrate nAChRs are of interest as they are targets of widely-selling insecticides and drugs that control nematode parasites. Here, we report the cloning of ShAR2beta, a candidate nAChR subunit from the blood(More)
Blood dwelling stages of schistosomes have acetylcholinesterase (AChE) on their teguments. As an initial step towards understanding the function of tegumental AChE, we have used specific ligand-binding assays to identify nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) on the schistosome surface. AChR could not be detected on migratory stages using fluoroscein(More)
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) present on the surface of the trematode blood fluke Schistosoma has been implicated in the regulation of glucose scavenging from the host blood. Determination of the molecular structure and functional characteristics of this molecule is a crucial first step in understanding the novel function for AChE and in evaluating the(More)
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