Alison A. Murray

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A model culture system has been developed whereby individual, primary ovarian mouse follicles can be grown in vitro to the Graafian stage in the normal physiological time course, and then ovulated in response to luteinizing hormone. We report here on the successful fertilization and subsequent embryo development of the oocytes from such follicles. This is(More)
Infertility represents a major clinical problem and 50% of cases are attributable to the male partner. Testicular function is temperature dependent, and in both man and mouse the position of the testes in the scrotum ensures that they are kept at between 2 and 8 degrees C below core body temperature. We used a mouse model to investigate the impact of a(More)
The effects of androgens on ovarian follicular development have been investigated using a whole follicle culture system. Follicles obtained from mouse ovaries and cultured in the presence of anti-androgen serum grew more slowly than control follicles. This effect was reversed by the addition of androstenedione to the medium. A similar effect was obtained(More)
Ascorbic acid has three known functions: it is necessary for collagen synthesis, promotes steroidogenesis and acts as an antioxidant. Within the ovary, most studies have concentrated on the role of ascorbic acid in luteal formation and regression and little is known about the function of this vitamin in follicular growth and development. Follicular growth(More)
Although there have been extensive studies on the effects of gonadotrophins and steroids on follicular development, less is known as to the effects these hormones have on the acquisition of oocyte developmental competence. This study investigates the effect of altering the gonadotrophin or steroidal environment on follicular development and on oocyte(More)
A whole follicle culture system has been used to investigate the actions of gonadotrophic hormones, oestrogen and progesterone in the regulation of follicular development and steroidogenesis. Recombinant human FSH was required for the growth of preantral follicles and for Graafian morphogenesis, whereas recombinant LH was ineffective. While pure FSH was(More)
Estrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) knockout (ERalphaKO) female mice are infertile. Initially, they exhibit normal follicular development, but by 4-5 wk of age, they begin to develop hemorrhagic ovarian cysts. Follicles in adult ERalphaKO female mice progress to the graafian stage, but there are no corpora lutea (CL). To test whether ERalpha is required for(More)
In recent years, the uptake of assisted reproductive techniques such as in vitro fertilisation has risen exponentially. However, there is much that is still not fully understood about the biochemical modifications that take place during the development and maturation of the oocyte. As such, it is essential to further the understanding of how oocyte(More)
Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent inflammatory disorder characterized by the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. Patients experience chronic pelvic pain and infertility, with the most likely origin of the tissue deposits (lesions) being endometrial fragments shed at menses. Menstruation is an inflammatory process associated with(More)
There has been tremendous interest in recent years in the culture of oocytes and follicles. Although much of the research using follicle culture aims to increase understanding of the regulation of follicle development, an important goal has been to develop a method that will eventually allow maturation of human oocytes from the primordial follicle to the(More)