Alison A Hislop

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Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is implicated in pathogenesis of chronic hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension in some animal models and in neonates. Effects of chronic hypoxia on PAF receptor (PAF-R) system in fetal pulmonary vasculature are unknown. We investigated the effect of chronic high altitude hypoxia (HAH) in fetal lambs [pregnant ewes were kept(More)
Recent studies on the morphogenesis of the pulmonary arteries have focused on nonhuman species such as the chick and the mouse. Using immunohistochemical techniques, we have studied 16 lungs from human embryos and fetuses from 28 d of gestation to newborn, using serial sections stained with a panel of antibodies specific for endothelium, smooth muscle, and(More)
Recent studies on human embryonic and fetal lungs show that the pulmonary arteries form by vasculogenesis. Little is known of the early development of the pulmonary veins. Using immunohistochemical techniques and serial reconstruction, we studied 18 fetal and neonatal lungs. Sections were stained with antibodies specific for endothelium (CD31, von(More)
Nitric oxide is involved in development and postnatal adaptation of the pulmonary circulation. This study aimed to determine whether genetic deletion of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) would lead to maldevelopment of the pulmonary arteries in fetal life, compromise adaptation to extrauterine life, and be associated with a pulmonary hypertensive phenotype in(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate a 5-yr experience of bosentan in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). A retrospective, observational study was made of children in the UK Pulmonary Hypertension Service for Children (Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, London, UK) who were given bosentan as monotherapy or in combination,(More)
Quantitative analysis has been used to assess growth in a lung from an infant aged 21/2 months in whom a diaphragmatic hernia was repaired at birth. The lungs had been abnormally small at birth but at 21/2 months were of normal volume. Alveoli had multiplied at the normal rate after birth but had not reached the number normal of age. The number per acinus(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess in retrospect the safety and effectiveness of atrial septostomy in children with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension without an intracardiac communication. METHODS 20 patients were reviewed retrospectively, 19 with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension. The mean age at septostomy was 8.4 years (range 3 months to 17 years).(More)
Eight patients with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia underwent cardiac catheterisation. Seven had a pulmonary vascular resistance greater than 3 mm Hg.l-1 min.m2 (mean 8.9, range 2.2-13.8). All had raised intrapulmonary shunts (mean 25.6%, range 5.4-50%, normal less than 5%). Two had a high alveolar dead space, and two had unsuspected congenital heart(More)
Inhaled glucocorticoid treatment during the first 2 yr of life is controversial because this is a period of major structural remodeling of the lung. Rabbits received aerosolized budesonide (Bud; 250 microg/ml) or injected dexamethasone (Dex; 0.05 mg.ml(-1).kg(-1)) between 1 and 5 wk of age. Treatment with Bud caused specific growth retardation of the lung.(More)
We have localized by immunocytochemistry, and quantified by intercept counting, NO-synthase-containing nerves in newborn pig intrapulmonary airways and maturational changes in their density in juvenile and adult lung. NO-synthase-containing nerves supplying airway smooth muscle and epithelium were evident at all ages (< 2 h, 1-2 days, 3-5 days, 6-10 days,(More)