Alisha Y Young

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BACKGROUND The clinical assessment of intravascular volume status and volume responsiveness is one of the most difficult tasks in critical care medicine. Furthermore, accumulating evidence suggests that both inadequate and overzealous fluid resuscitation are associated with poor outcomes. The objective of this study was to determine the predictive value of(More)
OBJECTIVES The EMG startle response to free fall was studied in young and old normal subjects, patients with absent vestibular function, and patients with akinetic-rigid syndromes. The aim was to detect any derangement in this early phase of the "landing response" in patient groups with a tendency to fall. In normal subjects the characteristics of a(More)
We compared several strategies for identifying and estimating effects from a genetic locus in the etiology of a complex trait. For our analyses we used data from simulated trait 1 and chromosome 5. Results from analysis of the first 20 replicates showed that a components of variance test provided considerably better power for identifying linkage than tests(More)
Recordings of axial and limb muscles in reaction to a free fall induced startle were performed in subjects while they were lying on a tilting couch with their eyes closed. Young normals (n = 24, aged 31.1 +/- 6.6 years) showed an activation sequence consisting of sternomastoid (N.XI: 57 ms), abdominal muscles (T10: 65 ms), quadriceps (L3: 75 ms) and deltoid(More)
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) was recently mapped in a single report to the telomeric region of chromosome 19p (A. Hemminki et al., Nat. Genet., 15: 87-90, 1997). Our studies confirm this location and provide further localization of the PJS locus. In the five families examined, there were no recombinants with the marker D19S886. The multipoint log odds score(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine whether changes in PETCO2 and exhaled CO2 (VCO2) can predict fluid responsiveness after a preload challenge. DESIGN A retrospective review of prospectively recorded data. SETTING A medical intensive care unit of a university-affiliated tertiary care hospital. PARTICIPANTS Mechanically ventilated(More)
Expression of the common acute lymphoblastic leukemia antigen (CALLA) on the surface of individual cells of the human lymphoblastoid lines CW678, Namalwa, and Nalm-6, and the distribution of the antigen epitopes within the cell populations have been determined quantitatively with the murine monoclonal anti-CALLA antibody J5. The distribution of CALLA(More)
BACKGROUND Airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) is an alternative approach to the low-tidal volume "open-lung" ventilation strategy. APRV is associated with a higher mean airway pressure than conventional ventilation and has therefore not been evaluated in patients with acute neurological injuries. METHODS Case report. RESULTS We report a patient(More)