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gow).-An index was described for the numerical measurement of joint tenderness in patients with rheu-matoid arthritis. The index is based on the summation of a number of quantitative evaluations of the pain experienced by the patient when the joints were subjected to pressures when exerted over the articular margin or in some instances on movement of the(More)
To study the mechanism of bone loss in physical unloading, we examined indices of bone formation and bone resorption in the serum and urine of eight healthy men during a 7 day -6 degrees head-down tilt bed rest. Prompt increases in markers of resorption--pyridinoline (PD), deoxypyridinoline (DPD), and hydroxyproline (Hyp)/g creatinine--during the first few(More)
We have previously shown that galactosyl hydroxylysine (GHYL), pyridinoline (PYD), and deoxypyridinoline (DPD) have a better accuracy and discriminate power than hydroxyproline in distinguishing postmenopausal osteoporotic women from premenopausal controls. In this study, we evaluated the clinical performances of GHYL, PYD, and DPD, alone or in combination,(More)
Reliable markers of bone formation are essential to the investigation of metabolic bone disorders. In this regard, evidence indicates that circulating levels of human osteocalcin (OC) correlate with the skeletal isoenzyme of alkaline phosphatase and can be used as an index of bone formation. A disadvantage of using serum OC as a marker of formation is its(More)
Phenytoin therapy is a well recognized cause of gingival hyperplasia, a condition characterized by increased gingival collagen synthesis, and may also cause acromegalic-like facial features. Based on these clinical findings suggestive of anabolic actions, we sought to test the hypothesis that phenytoin acts on normal bone cells to induce osteogenic effects.(More)
Human bone matrix is known to contain a battery of polypeptide growth factors. Since dentin is a mineralized tissue similar to bone in composition and perhaps in formation, human dentin was assayed for the presence of similar growth factors. Root dentin proteins were extracted by demineralization in 4 M guanidine hydrochloride (Gu) and 30 mM Tris (pH 7.4)(More)
Despite these potential problems, biochemical bone markers are the single most sensitive method for monitoring acute changes in bone metabolism. For example, subcutaneous injections of recombinant human insulin-like growth factor I cause a measurable increase in both procollagen and urinary DPD in as little as 1 day. Similarly, it is possible to measure a(More)
In vitro studies indicate that low concentrations of ethanol can have direct effects on bone formation and resorption. Bone resorption was increased when embryonic chick tibiae were exposed to ethanol at 0.03-0.3% (v/v), and bone formation was inhibited when tibiae were exposed to 0.2% ethanol in the presence of NaF or parathyroid hormone (P less than 0.01(More)
Right-handed Ss identified consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) nonsense syllables presented tachistoscopically. The CVC on each trial was presented to the left visual field-right hemisphere (LVF-RH), to the right visual field-left hemisphere (RVF-LH), or the same CVC was presented to both visual fields (bilateral presentation). When recognition was incorrect,(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging is a noninvasive, volume rendering diagnostic technique that uses lanthanide complexes to enhance proton relaxation. Magnetic resonance imaging is not limited by light scattering as optical microscopic techniques are, and allows imaging of whole animals. Clinical contrast agents are nonspecific and report solely on anatomy,(More)