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Children and adolescents with Klinefelter syndrome (XXY) have been reported to show deficits in language processing including VIQ < PIQ and a learning disability in reading and spelling. However, whether this is characteristic of adults with Klinefelter syndrome has not been established. Thirty-five men with Klinefelter syndrome, aged 16 to 61, and 22(More)
The performance of 16 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) was compared to 11 patients with right-frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and 11 patients with left-FTD on a comprehensive neuropsychological battery. Standardized scores (i.e., z scores based on normal control data) were analyzed for 5 cognitive domains. The results revealed that the AD group(More)
Patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD) often present with an asymmetric left or right-sided anterior cerebral perfusion abnormality that is associated with differential behavioral symptoms. However, whether patients with primarily right versus left FTD also have unique neuropsychological characteristics has not been previously investigated. Comparisons(More)
The neuropsychological performance of three age cohorts of depressed patients (46-59, 60-69, and 70-85) was compared with the performance of age-matched control subjects to determine whether advancing age potentiates the effect of depression on cognition. Depression and increasing age did not interact to produce more pronounced cognitive deterioration in(More)
Neuropsychological functioning was compared between 7 myotonic dystrophy (MD) patients with maternal inheritance (mMD), 14 MD patients with paternal (pMD) inheritance, and 10 normal controls. Both groups evidenced slowed performance on a measure of information processing speed. However, the pMD group had an otherwise normal neuropsychological profile. In(More)
To our knowledge, no investigations have been undertaken to determine whether depression impacts performance on two commonly used tests to detect malingering of cognitive symptoms, the Rey 15-item Memorization Test and the Rey Dot Counting Test. This is a critical issue because of the high rate of depressive symptoms in patients with neurological(More)
The relationship between apparent faking of cognitive impairment (as detected by such "malingering" tests as 15-item Memorization and Dot Counting) and faking of psychiatric symptoms has not been investigated formally. In addition, no empirical literature is available on the relationship between personality traits and faking of cognitive symptoms. Of 154(More)
BACKGROUND Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients report similar gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, yet comparisons of symptom severity between groups and with the general population (GP) are lacking. METHODS We compared Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS® ) GI symptom scales measuring(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The aim of the present study was to provide a phenomenological perspective of individuals who actively engage in street-level prostitution and identified a lifestyle addiction associated with their activities. METHODS We interviewed 25 women who were incarcerated in American county jails (at the time of interviews) for prostitution(More)
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