Alireza Sadeghnejad

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BACKGROUND Variation in ADAM33 has been shown to be important in the development of asthma and altered lung function. This relationship however, has not been investigated in the population susceptible to COPD; long term tobacco smokers. We evaluated the association between polymorphisms in ADAM33 gene with COPD and lung function in long term tobacco(More)
BACKGROUND Tobacco smoke and genetic susceptibility are risk factors for asthma and wheezing. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is a combined effect of interleukin-13 gene (IL13) polymorphisms and tobacco smoke on persistent childhood wheezing and asthma. METHODS In the Isle of Wight birth cohort (UK, 1989-1999), five IL13 single(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence suggests that a raised level of cord serum IgE (CS-IgE) is a risk factor for allergic sensitisation. However, whether CS-IgE is a risk for asthma is controversial. A study was undertaken to investigate the association between CS-IgE levels and allergic sensitisation at 4 and 10 years of age and asthma at ages 1-2, 4 and 10. METHODS(More)
Studies in a number of countries have reported associations between exposure to ambient air pollutants and adverse birth outcomes, including low birth weight, preterm birth (PTB) and, less commonly, small for gestational age (SGA). Despite their growing number, the available studies have significant limitations, e.g., incomplete control of temporal trends(More)
RATIONALE Although the duration and amount of cigarette smoking correlate with reduction in pulmonary function, there is still variation among individual responses. IL-13 is involved in pulmonary inflammation, remodeling, and susceptibility to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVES We investigated whether the relationships between(More)
BACKGROUND Atopic eczema is characterized by Th2-dominant immunity with the cytokine interleukin 13 and the transcription factor GATA binding protein 3 playing a critical role. OBJECTIVES We assessed the association of polymorphisms in the IL13 and GATA3 genes with childhood eczema. METHODS A birth cohort (n = 1456) was established on the Isle of Wight(More)
BACKGROUND Identifying the protective effect of a higher number of siblings is a significant finding in understanding the aetiology of allergic sensitization, asthma, eczema, and hayfever. Knowledge about causes behind the sibling effect may allow us to prevent atopic manifestations. OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that rising order of live offspring(More)
The interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL1RN) is a potent anti-inflammatory cytokine. In the present study, association of the human IL1RN gene polymorphisms with asthma, bronchial hyperresponsiveness and forced expiratory volume in one second/forced vital capacity ratio was tested and the data was stratified by environmental tobacco smoke exposure in order(More)
BACKGROUND Macrophages play an important role in COPD. We genotyped at-risk smokers to evaluate the role of polymorphisms in the macrophage scavenger receptor-1 gene (MSR1) in COPD susceptibility and related measures of lung function. Then, in macrophages from donors with specific MSR1 genotypes, we determined the effect of MSR1 single nucleotide(More)
Interleukin-13 (IL-13) has a pivotal role in the pathway of immunoglobulin E (IgE). Cord serum IgE has been suggested to be associated with allergy later in life, yet less affected by environmental exposures. We investigated the association of the interleukin-13 gene (IL13) polymorphisms on cord serum IgE. In the Isle of Wight birth cohort (UK, 1989-1990),(More)