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PURPOSE This article reports a prospective, randomized comparison of transperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy (TLA) versus retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy (RLA) for adrenal lesions with medium-term follow-up. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Between September 2008 and November 2011, 24 patients with surgical adrenal diseases were prospectively randomized(More)
Mucormycosis is a rare opportunistic devastating fungal infection, which usually occurs in immunocompromised patients. Mucormycosis has multiple presentations that the predilection for one of these presentations varies with the either underlying or predisposing condition. We present a case of pulmonary and rhinocerberal mucormycosis in 56-year-old man with(More)
The use of lasers has emerged to be highly promising for cancer therapy modalities, most commonly, the photothermal therapy method. Unfortunately, the most common disadvantage of laser therapy is its nonselectivity and requirement of high power density. The use of plasmonic nanoparticles as highly enhanced photoabsorbing agents has thus introduced a much(More)
BACKGROUND Two-dimensional projection radiographs have been traditionally considered the modality of choice for cephalometric analysis. To overcome the shortcomings of two-dimensional images, three-dimensional computed tomography (CT) has been used to evaluate craniofacial structures. However, manual landmark detection depends on medical expertise, and the(More)
Keywords: Computer aided diagnosis Diabetic retinopathy Fluorescein angiography Fundus images Radon transform Microaneurysms a b s t r a c t Early detection of microaneurysms (MAs), the first sign of Diabetic Retinopathy (DR), is an essential first step in automated detection of DR to prevent vision loss and blindness. This study presents a novel and(More)
Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness worldwide. It has many risk factors such as age, race, sex, intraocular pressure, optic nerve changes, corneal thickness, refractive error, systemic diseases, family history and trauma. Central corneal thickness plays an important role in risk stratification among patients in whom glaucoma was of concern.(More)
Persian scholars, especially those who lived during the Golden Age of Islamic Medicine (9th-12th century AD), made significant contributions to the healing arts and secured a place of honor for themselves in the history of this science. Abū l-Ḥasan Alī ibn al-'Abbās al-Majūsī Ahvazi (? 930-994AD), with the Latinized name of Haly Abbas, was a scientist from(More)
The use of nutrition in medical practice has a long history dating back to 6000 years. The great Persian chemist, physician, and philosopher, Rhazes (865-925 AD), wrote over 200 books in different branches of science. Some of his work drew attention to the notion that nutrition is an important part of treating diseases and health care procedures. Rhazes(More)