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The biodegradability of a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) mixture consisted of fluorene (Fl), phenanthrene (Phe) and pyrene (Pyr) by a bacterial consortium enriched from mangrove sediments under sediment-free and sediment slurry conditions was investigated. The enriched consortium made up of three bacterial strains, namely Rhodococcus sp.,(More)
Trichlorfon is an organophosphorus insecticide, which is extensively being used for protection of fruit crops. Trichlorfon is a thermal labile compound, which cannot be easily determined by gas chromatography (GC) and has no suitable group for sensitive detection by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). In this study, a 31P nuclear magnetic(More)
Antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) was investigated using Staphylococcus aureus PTCC1431 as a model of Gram-positive bacteria. The mechanism of antibacterial activity of AgNPs was then studied by analyzing the growth, morphology, and molecular variations in the cell wall. Experimental data showed that AgNPs at a concentration of 4 μg/ml(More)
The venom proteomes of Toxicocalamus longissimus and Hydrophis cyanocinctus, a fossorial and a marine species, respectively, of the Hydrophiinae genus of Elapidae, were investigated by Edman degradation of RP-HPLC isolated proteins, and de novo MS/MS sequencing of in-gel derived tryptic peptide ions. The toxin arsenal of T. longissimus is made up of 1-2(More)
For successful conservation and breeding of a medicinal species, it is important to evaluate its genetic diversity as well as its content of phytochemical compounds. The aim of the present study was to investigate the genetic variation of Iranian natural populations of W. somnifera and W. coagulans, using the RAPD (random amplified polymorphic DNA) markers,(More)
In this study, a total of 25 endophytic fungi were successfully isolated from the inner bark of Taxus baccata grown in Iran by the aseptic technique. Genomic DNA was extracted from isolated endophytic fungi and subjected to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis for the presence of the Taxus taxadiene synthase (ts) gene, which encodes the enzyme(More)
Mass spectrometry coupled with a pyrolysis inlet system (Pyr-ms) is compared with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for the determination of vancomycin and its crystal degradation products (CDP-Is) in human serum. Quantitative analysis of Pyr-ms was performed by selected ion monitoring (SIM) method at 108 mass:charge (m/z) of pyrolysis product(More)
This review discusses the use of vancomycin-related substances as potential chiral stationary phase that can be used as a packing material for the enantioselective separation of various racemic compounds in various modalities including HPLC, CE and also as chiral mobile phase additives. The chiral recognition mechanisms involved including the role of(More)
The ability of crystalline degradation products (CDPs) of vancomycin as a chiral stationary phase was reported in a previous study for enantioselective separation of drugs, amino acids and agrochemical toxins by conventional LC column (250 x 4.6 mm). In this work, the potential of CDP of vancomycin for the enantiomeric separation in micro-LC (200 x 1 mm)(More)
This work aims to evaluate for the enantiomeric separations of three agrochemical toxins: haloxyfop-methyl, fenoxaprop-p-ethyl and indoxacarb on crystalline degradation products-chiral stationary phase (CDP-CSP) of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) under normal and polar organic phases. In the normal phase, the mobile phase was n-hexane with(More)