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OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of renal function at the commencement of dialysis on nutritional state. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING University tertiary referral hospital. PATIENTS Patients with end-stage renal disease commencing renal replacement therapy over 8.5 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Total body nitrogen assessment using in(More)
BACKGROUND The Whipple's procedure (WP) is a major operation that adds a further demand on the body's nutritional reserves and therefore body composition after the effect of pancreatic cancer. The aim was to document changes in body composition changes that occur during the first six months after a WP for a pancreatic cancer malignancy. METHODS(More)
Subjective global assessment (SGA) is a widely available clinical tool established to be of prognostic value in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Although it is reported to reflect a patient's nutritional status, its direct relationship to nutrition has not been determined. The aim of this study is to compare SGA with the gold standard for(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Growth hormone (GH) has a strong anabolic effect and is thought to be useful in improving the efficacy of parenteral nutrition (PN) to preserve muscle mass (MM) in the postoperative setting. Unfortunately, the negative clinical outcome of GH treatment in intensive care patients limits its use in this setting, but demands answers to the(More)
A system dynamics model for evaluating renewable energy policies on dependency is proposed. The model considers the role of diversification on dependency and security of energy supply in Finland. Dependency on imported sources will decrease depends on the defined scenarios in Finland. a b s t r a c t Objective: We discuss the role of diversification on(More)
OBJECTIVES Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy (PRRT) with yttrium-90 ((90)Y) and lutetium-177 ((177)Lu)-labelled SST analogues are now therapy option for patients who have failed to respond to conventional medical therapy. In-house production with automated PRRT synthesis systems have clear advantages over manual methods resulting in increasing use in(More)
OBJECTIVES Gallium-68 (Ga-68) is an ideal research and hospital-based PET radioisotope. Currently, the main form of Ga-68 radiopharmaceutical that is being synthesised in-house is Ga-68 conjugated with DOTA based derivatives. The development of automated synthesis systems has increased the reliability, reproducibility and safety of radiopharmaceutical(More)
Today researchers help governments to make rational and evidence informed decisions in their public policies. Thereby, practices and studies of public policies should be guided by high quality investigations especially in healthcare and energy sectors. Due to the importance of public policy-focused research and existing research gaps, this article aims to(More)
BACKGROUND Advances in gamma camera technology and the emergence of a number of new theranostic radiopharmaceutical pairings have re-awakened interest in in vivo quantification with single-photon-emitting radionuclides. We have implemented and validated methodology to provide quantitative imaging of (177)Lu for 2D whole-body planar studies and for 3D(More)
OBJECTIVES Cachexia is common in pancreatic cancer and may have an influence on longterm survival but few studies have investigated this in patients with operable tumours. Therefore, this study was carried out to document body composition status in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PCa) presenting for a Whipple's procedure (WP) and to relate the(More)