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Organizational foresight is used for recognizing optimum future in an uncertain environment to guarantee the success of organization. At a stable or low changing environments the need for foresight in organizations are relatively lower. Structured innovation, estimation and illustration of future trends, communication and cooperation with stakeholders will(More)
Ever-increasing development of information technology has affected many aspects of the individual, social and organizational life. This enforces many countries to develop and adapt comprehensive plans to manage this relatively new phenomenon. Highly adoptable e-government policies and protocols are required nationally, where traditional e-government plans(More)
The concept of " electronic government " (e-government) recently introduced as a consequence of IT in the knowledge and information age and has been applied by many governments around the world in practice. Iranian authorities also have decided to take the essential methods required for implementing e-government in Iran. However, the large size of the(More)
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