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Mark-release-recapture studies were carried out during 1990-1991 in El Callejón, Colombia, an endemic focus of American visceral leishmaniasis, to study the longevity, dispersal, and flight range of the principal vector, Lutzomyia longipalpis Lutz & Neiva. Several groups of wild-caught (n = 1,539) and laboratory-reared F1 (n = 2,208) sand flies were marked(More)
Epidemiologic studies were conducted during the period 1986-1988 in a small rural community in Colombia (El Callejon) where visceral leishmaniasis is highly endemic. In this community of 185 people, 14 cases of infantile visceral leishmaniasis were diagnosed in the 9 years 1981-1988. Leishmanin skin testing of a sample of the human residents showed that(More)
The effect of administration of diazepam on successive negative contrast in one-way avoidance learning was examined in rats. Contrast was induced by shifting rats from a large reward, 30 s spent in the safe compartment, to a small reward, 1 s spent in the safe compartment. IP administration of 2 mg/kg diazepam eliminated this negative contrast. Moreover,(More)
Five new phlebotomus fever virus serotypes (Bunyaviridae: Phlebovirus) are described. These viruses, designated Ambe, Ixcanal, Mariquita, Armero, and Durania, were isolated from sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) collected in Brazil, Colombia, and Guatemala. Two of the agents were recovered from pools of male sand flies. The new viruses are antigenically(More)
INTRODUCTION Update of Acute Ischaemic Stroke Treatment Guidelines of the Spanish Neurological Society based on a critical review of the literature. Recommendations are made based on levels of evidence from published data and studies. DEVELOPMENT Organized systems of care should be implemented to ensure access to the optimal management of all acute stroke(More)
Intracerebral haemorrhage accounts for 10%-15% of all strokes; however it has a poor prognosis with higher rates of morbidity and mortality. Neurological deterioration is often observed during the first hours after onset and determines poor prognosis. Intracerebral haemorrhage, therefore, is a neurological emergency which must be diagnosed and treated(More)
Isozyme data were used to identify populations of certain Lutzomyia taxa in the verrucarum species group, mostly in the series townsendi. Lutzomyia youngi Feliciangelis and Murillo and L. spinicrassa Morales, Osorno, Osorno, and Hoyos each have diagnostic allomorphs for phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6PGDH) and fumarate hydratase (FUM). The 6PGDH and FUM(More)
Androgens influence the incidence and prevalence of pancreatic cancer in humans and animal models. To our knowledge there has been molecular demonstration of the presence of neither the androgen receptor (AR) nor transcripts of the AR gene. Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)-Southern blotting was employed for molecular detection and(More)
The life cycle of Lutzomyia shannoni (Dyar), was described for laboratory conditions with maximum daily temperature of 27-30 degree C, minimum daily temperatures of 22-27 degree C and relative humidity between 87-99%. Life cycle in each stage was as follows: egg 6-12 days (ave, 8.5 days); first stage larva 5-13 days (ave. 9.6 days); second stage larva 4-13(More)