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We analyzed DNA from 63 Japanese men with either azoospermia or severe oligospermia whose Y chromosomes were cytogenetically normal. A total of 16 loci were examined: 15 loci on the long arm between DYS7E and DYZ1, and the YRRM1 locus, a candidate gene for the azoospermic factor, AZF. One patient with a pericentric inversion of the Y chromosome was also(More)
In our previous study, both of Y-associated alleles, Y1 and Y2, were detected in Japanese and Koreans, but only the Y1 allele was detected in each of other populations including Chinese in both Beijin and Guangzhou areas, Caucasians, Africans, and Jewish. In the present study, these observations were extended to other ethnic groups in East Asia. Evenks in(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most common progressive neurodegenerative disorders, characterized by resting tremor, rigidity, bradykinesia, and postural instability. These symptoms are associated with massive loss of tyrosine hydroxylase-positive neurons in the substantia nigra (SN) causing an estimated 70-80% depletion of dopamine (DA) in the(More)
Aging is an intricate process that increases susceptibility to sarcopenia and cardiovascular diseases. The accumulation of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations is believed to contribute to mitochondrial dysfunction, potentially shortening lifespan. The mtDNA mutator mouse, a mouse model with a proofreading-deficient mtDNA polymerase γ, was shown to develop a(More)
Pharmacological agents, such as bezafibrate, that activate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) and PPAR γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) pathways have been shown to improve mitochondrial function and energy metabolism. The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutator mouse is a mouse model of aging that harbors a proofreading-deficient mtDNA polymerase γ.(More)
With age, muscle mass and integrity are progressively lost leaving the elderly frail, weak and unable to independently care for themselves. Defined as sarcopenia, this age-related muscle atrophy appears to be multifactorial but its definite cause is still unknown. Mitochondrial dysfunction has been implicated in this process. Using a novel transgenic mouse(More)
This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal (http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy). This retraction was suggested by the University of Cologne Investigation committee and seconded by the authors who the journal was able to contact (Wenz, T., Dillon, L., Diaz, F., Hida, A., and Moraes, C.T.). Following an(More)
Although a Y specific growth gene(s) has been postulated in the Yq11 region, the precise location has not been determined. To localise the growth gene(s), we correlated genotype with stature in 13 Japanese and four European non-mosaic adult male patients with a partial Yq deletion. Fourteen patients preserving the region between DYS11 and DYS246 did not(More)
We observed that the transient induction of mtDNA double strand breaks (DSBs) in cultured cells led to activation of cell cycle arrest proteins (p21/p53 pathway) and decreased cell growth, mediated through reactive oxygen species (ROS). To investigate this process in vivo we developed a mouse model where we could transiently induce mtDNA DSBs ubiquitously.(More)
The origin of modern humans can be traced by comparing polymorphic sites in either mitochondria or genomic sequences between humans and other primates. The human Y chromosome has both a non-recombining region and X-Y homologous pseudo-autosomal regions. In the nonrecombining region events during evolution can be directly detected. At least a part of(More)