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Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), or dioxin receptor, is a transcription factor that induces adaptive metabolic pathways in response to environmental pollutants. Recently, other pathways were found to be altered by AhR and its ligands. Indeed, developmental defects elicited by AhR ligands suggest that additional cellular functions may be targeted by this(More)
The contribution of environmental pollutants to liver fibrosis is an important and poorly explored issue. In vitro studies suggest that the environmental pollutant 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and other aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) ligands induce several genes that are known to be upregulated during liver fibrosis. Our aim was to determine(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a transcription factor which is activated by diverse compounds and regulates the expression of xenobiotic metabolism genes. Recent studies have unraveled unsuspected physiological roles and novel alternative ligand-specific pathways for this receptor. In this review, we discuss these novel aspects and focus on the(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiological studies emphasize the possible role of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in obesity and the metabolic syndrome. These pollutants are stored in adipose tissue (AT). OBJECTIVES Our aim was to study the effects of POPs on human adipose cells and rodent AT. METHODS Using human multipotent adipose-derived stem cells, we carried(More)
TCDD (2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzodioxin), a highly persistent environmental pollutant and a human carcinogen, is the ligand with the highest affinity for the Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor (AhR) that induces via the AhR, xenobiotic metabolizing enzyme genes as well as several other genes. This pollutant elicits a variety of systemic toxic effects, which include(More)
The Aryl hydrocarbon Receptor or AhR, a ligand-activated transcription factor, is known to mediate the toxic and carcinogenic effects of various environmental pollutants such as 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Recent studies in Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila melanogaster show that the orthologs of the AhR are expressed exclusively in(More)
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is an environmental pollutant that binds the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a transcription factor that triggers various biological responses. In this study, we show that TCDD treatment counteracts the p53 activation (phosphorylation and acetylation) elicited by a genotoxic compound, etoposide, in the human(More)
The regulation of cell migration is a key factor for the dissemination of metastatic cells during tumor progression. Aquaporins are membrane channels which allow transmembrane fluxes of water and glycerol in cells in a variety of mammalian tissues. Here, we show that AQP3, which has been incriminated in cancer progression, is regulated by the AhR, or dioxin(More)
A virus closely related to duck hepatitis B virus (DHBV) was isolated from serum and liver samples of wild migratory ducks (mallards) caught in two separate wildlife reserve parks in France. In the first one (Dombes region) 12% of wild mallards were positive for DHBV, and in the second (River Somme) 3% of mallards were found positive. The DHBV isolated from(More)
cDNA clones, specific for early Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) RNAs, were constructed from total cytoplasmic RNA of P3HR-1 TK- cells. From 10,000 cDNA clones screened, 22 virus-specific cDNA clones were selected by hybridization with a total EBV DNA. These clones were then precisely mapped on the EBV genome and the corresponding mRNAs were identified by Northern(More)