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Neurophysiological and phenomenological data on sensorimotor decision making are growing so rapidly that it is now necessary and achievable to capture it in biologically inspired models, for advancing our understanding in both research and clinical settings. However, the main impediment in moving from elegant models with few free parameters to more complex(More)
In most visual search experiments in the laboratory, objects are presented on an isolated, blank background. In most real world search tasks, however, the background is continuous and can be complex. In six experiments, we examine the ability of the visual system to separate search items from a background. The results support a view in which objects are(More)
The saccadic distractor effect, in which irrelevant stimuli delay saccades to target stimuli, is a popular tool for investigating saccadic competition. Here, we outline the main components of a competition framework to account for the temporal dynamics of the distractor effect, inspired by race models of saccade generation. We first test a key prediction of(More)
Irrelevant stimulus onsets interfere with saccade planning to other stimuli, prolonging saccadic latency (the oculomotor distractor effect) or eliciting directional errors (saccadic capture). Such stimulus-driven interference has been associated with the retinotectal pathway, the direct pathway from retina to superior colliculus. Consistent with this(More)
Monocular viewing conditions show an asymmetry between stimuli presented in the temporal and nasal visual fields in their efficiency for automatically triggering eye saccades and grasping attention. For instance, observers free to make a saccade to one of two stimuli presented together orient preferentially to the temporal stimulus. Such naso-temporal(More)
We used an exogenous target detection cueing paradigm to examine whether intra-individual reaction time variability (IIV) or phasic alerting varied significantly between patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) (n = 45) and healthy older adult controls (n = 31) or between those with aMCI who, within a 2.5 year follow-up period, developed(More)
People vary markedly in the efficiency with which they can resolve competitive action decisions, even simple ones such as shifting gaze to one stimulus rather than another. We found that an individual's ability to rapidly resolve such competition is predicted by the concentration of GABA, the main inhibitory neurotransmitter, in a region of frontal cortex(More)
Learning from visual experience is crucial for perceptual development. One crucial question is when this learning occurs and to what extent it compensates for changes in the visual system throughout life. To address this question, it is essential to compare human performance not only to the hypothetical state of no recalibration, but also to the ideal(More)
Sensorimotor adaptation can be defined as a perceptual adaptation whose effects depend on the occurrence and nature of the performed motor actions. Examples of sensorimotor adaptation can be found in the literature on prisms concerning several space-related attributes like orientation, curvature, and size. In this article, we show that sensorimotor(More)
The spatiochromatic properties of the red-green dimension of human colour vision appear to be optimized for picking fruit in leaves at about arms' reach. However, other evidence suggests that the task of spotting fruit from a distance might be more important. This discrepancy may arise because the task a system (e.g. human trichromacy) is best at is not(More)