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Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), a NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase, has been connected to beneficial effects elicited by calorie restriction. Physiological adaptation to starvation requires higher activity of SIRT1 and also the suppression of thyroid hormone (TH) action to achieve energy conservation. Here, we tested the hypothesis that those two events are correlated and(More)
Thyroid hormones are important modulators of lipid metabolism because the liver is a primary hormonal target. The hypolipidaemic effects of thyroid hormones result from the balance between direct and indirect actions resulting in stimulation of lipid synthesis and lipid oxidation, which favours degradation pathways. Originally, it was believed that thyroid(More)
Thyroid hormone (TH) regulates many cardiac genes via nuclear thyroid receptors, and hyperthyroidism is frequently associated with atrial fibrillation. Electrical activity propagation in myocardium depends on the transfer of current at gap junctions, and connexins (Cxs) 40 and 43 are the predominant junction proteins. In mice, Cx40, the main Cx involved in(More)
n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) present in fish oil (FO) potently decrease serum lipids, which is also an effect of thyroid hormones. Both PUFAs and thyroid hormones affect hepatic lipid metabolism, and here we hypothesized that a long-term diet rich in n-3 PUFAs would enhance thyroid hormone action in the liver. Female rats received isocaloric and(More)
Mice bearing the genomic mutation Δ337T on the thyroid hormone receptor β (TRβ) gene present the classical signs of resistance to thyroid hormone (TH), with high serum TH and TSH. This mutant TR is unable to bind TH, remains constitutively bound to co-repressors, and has a dominant negative effect on normal TRs. In this study, we show that homozygous(More)
Resveratrol (Res) has been associated with protective effects against oxidative stress. This study evaluated the effect of Res over lipid peroxidation, antioxidant defense, hepatic sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), which up-regulates antioxidant enzymes, and copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn SOD) in adult offspring whose mothers were protein restricted during(More)
Previous studies have shown that alterations in thyroid status may lead to changes in serum leptin and adiponectin, both in humans and rodents. The mechanisms, especially for adiponectin, are unclear. In the present study, we investigated the effect of triiodothyronine (T3) on the expression of adiponectin mRNA and the release of leptin and adiponectin by(More)
n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) from fish oil (FO) exert important lipid-lowering effects, an effect also ascribed to thyroid hormones (TH) and TH receptor β1 (TRβ1)-specific agonists. n-3 PUFA effects are mediated by nuclear receptors, such as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR) and others. In this study, we investigated a role(More)
Hyperleptinemia during lactation programs for higher serum leptin in 30-day-old and adult rats, associated with metabolic changes. Here we evaluated the inhibition of serum leptin at 29 and 30 days on the metabolic phenotype of rats programmed with leptin during lactation. Pups from Wistar rats were saline-injected or leptin-injected from postnatal day 1 to(More)
As previously reported, the activity of liver glutathione S-transferases, an important family of enzymes for detoxification processes, is regulated by thyroid hormone levels. Here, we specifically studied glutathione S-transferase α (Gsta) gene expression in livers of mice. First, in wild-type (WT) mice, hypothyroidism was induced by 5 weeks of a diet(More)