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An extension of the iterated constrained endmember (ICE) algorithm that incorporates sparsity-promoting priors to find the correct number of endmembers is presented. In addition to solving for endmembers and endmember fractional maps, this algorithm attempts to autonomously determine the number of endmembers that are required for a particular scene. The(More)
A Metropolis-within-Gibbs Sampler for Piece-wise Convex hyperspectral Unmixing and Endmember extraction (SPCUE), is presented. The standard linear mixing model used for hyperspectral unmixing assumes that hyperspectral data reside in a single convex region. However, hyperspectral data are often non-convex. Furthermore, in standard endmember extraction and(More)
Variable illumination and environmental, atmospheric, and temporal conditions cause the measured spectral signature for a material to vary within hyperspectral imagery. By ignoring these variations, errors are introduced and propagated throughout hyperspectral image analysis. To develop accurate spectral unmixing and endmember estimation methods, a number(More)
A hyperspectral endmember detection and spectral unmixing algorithm that finds multiple sets of endmembers is presented. Hyperspectral data are often nonconvex. The Piecewise Convex Multiple-Model Endmember Detection algorithm accounts for this using a piecewise convex model. Multiple sets of endmembers and abundances are found using an iterative fuzzy(More)
A new hyperspectral endmember detection method that represents endmembers as distributions, autonomously partitions the input data set into several convex regions, and simultaneously determines endmember distributions and proportion values for each convex region is presented. Spectral unmixing methods that treat endmembers as distributions or hyperspectral(More)
We develop a vegetation mapping method using long-wave hyperspectral imagery and apply it to landmine detection. The novel aspect of the method is that it makes use of emissivity skewness. The main purpose of vegetation detection for mine detection is to minimize false alarms. Vegetation, such as round bushes, may be mistaken as mines by mine detection(More)
of Dissertation Presented to the Graduate School of the University of Florida in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy HYPERSPECTRAL ENDMEMBER DETECTION AND BAND SELECTION USING BAYESIAN METHODS By Alina Zare December 2008 Chair: Paul Gader Major: Computer Engineering Four methods of endmember detection and spectral(More)
We discuss the application of Choquet integrals to multi-algorithm and multi-sensor fusion in landmine detection. Choquet integrals are defined. Specific classes of measures, the full and Sugeno measures, are described. Full measures are optimized via quadratic programming. A steepest descent algorithm for optimizing Sugeno measures is derived by applying(More)
Imaging spectroscopy refers to methods for identifying materials in a scene using cameras that digitize light into hundreds of spectral bands. Each pixel in these images consists of vectors representing the amount of light reflected in the different spectral bands from the physical location corresponding to the pixel. Images of this type are called(More)
In this paper a closed-loop control algorithm for blood glucose regulation in type 1 diabetic patients is proposed by using the Mamdani-type fuzzy method. Because of the presence of high-pass proportional derivatives in fuzzy designing, optimal values are applied for two inputs and one output membership functions in order to prevent the fluctuations due to(More)