Alina S Bergshoeff

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BACKGROUND There are few data on plasma and intracellular pharmacokinetics (PK) of once-daily (q24h) nucleoside analogues in HIV-infected children. METHODS Children aged 2-13 years receiving combination treatment containing lamivudine (3TC) (4 mg/kg) and/or abacavir (ABC) (8 mg/kg) twice daily (q12h) were included in this single-arm, open-label, crossover(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe a case of successful protease inhibitor-based highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) concomitant with rifampin. CASE SUMMARY In a 7-month-old male infant with tuberculosis and HIV-1 infection, tuberculosis therapy including rifampin and HAART containing the protease inhibitor nelfinavir 40 mg/kg every 8 hours was started.(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the pharmacokinetics and 24-week efficacy and safety of dual boosted saquinavir/lopinavir/ritonavir combination in children. DESIGN Twenty reverse transcription inhibitor-pretreated children at 2 centers in Thailand were treated with saquinavir/lopinavir/ritonavir in an open label, single arm, 6-month prospective study. The dosage was(More)
BACKGROUND Lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) has been licensed for the treatment of HIV-infected children >6 months in the US and >2 years in the EU. Limited LPV paediatric pharmacokinetic data are available. We studied LPV pharmacokinetics to determine whether the recommended dose (230/57.5 mg/m2 twice daily) results in optimal LPV exposure in all age groups.(More)
The recommended dose of lamivudine in children is higher when compared with adults: 4 mg/kg vs approximately 2 mg/kg (150 mg) and administered twice a day. Limited data are available to demonstrate that this increased dose results in adequate exposure to lamivudine in children with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Data were selected from(More)
INTRODUCTION Adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy is required to obtain an optimal long term virologic response rate of HIV-1-infected children. Plasma concentrations of protease inhibitors (PIs) outside the limits of the reference values indicate nonadherence to antiretroviral therapy in adults. We studied during a 2-year follow-up period(More)
BACKGROUND Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-sparing regimens have not yet been systematically evaluated in children. The nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors nevirapine and efavirenz lower plasma levels of protease inhibitors in adults and children. Therefore, coadministration of lopinavir/ritonavir with nevirapine and efavirenz(More)
OBJECTIVES The study describes the pharmacokinetics (PK) of the protease inhibitor nelfinavir and its active metabolite M8 in children and evaluates the influence of patient-related factors on nelfinavir plasma levels. METHODS HIV-1-infected children treated with nelfinavir every 8 h (q8h) were eligible for inclusion in this retrospective study. 0-8 h(More)
So far, no pediatric doses for indinavir combined with ritonavir have been defined. This study evaluated the pharmacokinetics of 400 mg of indinavir/m(2) combined with 125 mg of ritonavir/m(2) every 12 h (q12h) in 14 human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected children. The area under the concentration-time curve from 0 to 24 h and the minimum(More)
We studied a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI)-sparing regimen for the treatment of children infected with NRTI-resistant HIV-1. The combination of lopinavir/ritonavir and efavirenz suppressed HIV-1 levels for a prolonged period and resulted in a significant increase in CD4+ T cell numbers despite an extensive prior treatment with NRTI (>4(More)