Alies Snijders

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We studied to what extent the presence of an inflammatory mediator PGE2, during the development of dendritic cells (DC) affects their subsequent ability to induce Th1- and Th2-type cytokines in maturing naive Th cells. PGE2 (10(-9)-10(-6) M) did not alter the morphology or the expression of class II MHC and costimulatory molecules on DC obtained from(More)
OBJECTIVE CD4+,CD25+ T regulatory cells may offer opportunities to intervene in the course of autoimmune disease. We wished to evaluate their potential for influencing systemic and chronic joint inflammation by investigating their involvement in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). METHODS We depleted DBA/1 mice of CD25+ regulatory cells by injection of a(More)
IL-12 is a key cytokine in the development of Th1 responses. IL-12 production by antigen-presenting cells (APC) can be induced by the interaction between CD40 on the APC and CD40 ligand (CD40L) expressed on T cells after activation. Our previous study indicated that in dendritic cells (DC), the only APC that can activate naive T(h) cells efficiently, the(More)
IL-12 is essential for T helper 1 (Th1) development and inhibits the induction of Th2 responses. Atopic diseases, which are characterized by Th2 responses, are associated with the overproduction of histamine. Here we present evidence that histamine, at physiological concentrations, strongly inhibits human IL-12 p40 and p70 mRNA and protein production by(More)
In order to investigate the impact of an inflammatory mediator PGE2 on the functions of maturing DC we used an in vitro model of DC generation from peripheral blood monocytes. Addition of PGE2 (10(-9) M-10(-6) M) to the cultures performed in the presence of GM-CSF and IL-4 did not alter the morphology nor high levels of expression of class II MHC and(More)
Several major pathological characteristics of atopic disease are causally related to CD4+ allergen-specific type 2 T-helper (Th2) cells with an aberrant cytokine secretion profile, comprising high levels of interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-5 and low levels of interferon (IFN)-gamma. Although the cytokine secretion patterns of CD4+ T-cells may be stable, they can(More)
The rational development of peptide vaccines requires the identification of both B- and T-cell epitopes. In this study, potential T-helper cell epitopes of Semliki Forest virus (SFV) were identified on the basis of their ability to induce delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) in mice using recombinant SFV fragments produced as hybrid proteins with(More)
IL-12 enhances IFN-gamma production by NK cells and T lymphocytes and plays a pivotal role in the development of Th1 cells. Bioactive IL-12 (p70) is composed of two subunits, p35, which is only secreted as part of the p70 dimer, and p40, which can also be secreted by itself. The IL-12 subunits are encoded by two separate genes. Therefore, we studied to what(More)
Predisposition to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is thought to be associated with HLA-DR1, -DR4, and -DR10. However, many epidemiological observations are better explained by a model in which the DQ alleles that are linked to these DR alleles, i.e., DQ5, DQ7, and DQ8, predispose to RA, while certain DR alleles have a dominant protective effect. All protective(More)