Alida Favaretto

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Results obtained in our laboratories have provided evidence for the participation of the hypothalamic atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) neuronal system in the regulation of water and electrolyte homeostasis. The anterior ventral third ventricular (AV3V) region, a site of the perikarya of the ANP neurons, receives important afferent input from ascending(More)
Our previous experiments suggested that natriuresis induced by blood volume expansion, was brought about by oxytocin (OT)-stimulated atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) release from the right atrium. We hypothesized that the ANP released might exert effects on the atrium itself and therefore carried out in vitro experiments to test this hypothesis. Heart rate(More)
Since endothelin has been localized in neurons in areas involved in water and electrolyte metabolism, areas which also contain atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) neurons, we determined whether endothelin would release ANP and induce natriuresis. Endothelin-3 (ET-3) in doses ranging from 38 to 760 pmol was microinjected into the third ventricle (3V) of(More)
The effects of cholinometics on basal or hCG-induced testosterone (T) release by Percoll-purified Leydig cells of the rat were studied. Acetylcholine and carbachol as well as nicotine decreased basal and hCG-induced T secretion. The ganglionic nicotine antagonist hexamethonium promoted a partial reversal of the inhibitory effect of nicotine on basal or(More)
Expansion of the blood volume induces natriuresis, which tends to return the blood volume to normal. This response is mediated at least in part by the release of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) into the circulation. Previous experiments have shown the participation of the anterior ventral third ventricular (AV3V) region of the hypothalamus in the ANP(More)
The brain atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) neuronal system appears to be involved in the increase in plasma ANP which follows blood volume expansion in the rat. To determine if this neuronal system is essential to the natriuresis and increase in plasma ANP which follow volume expansion, highly specific antiserum against ANP (ANP-AB) and/or normal rabbit(More)
Angiotensin II (ANG-II) and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) have opposing actions on water and salt intake and excretion. Within the brain ANP inhibits drinking induced by ANG-II and blocks dehydration-induced drinking known to be caused by release of ANG-II. Alpha-adrenergic agonists are known to release ANP and antagonize ANG II-induced drinking. We(More)
In the initial experiments reviewed here, we show that atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) plays an important inhibitory role in the control of sodium chloride and water intake since injections of ANP into the third ventricle (3V) caused a reduction in dehydration-induced drinking and also the drinking of salt in salt-depleted rats. Attention was then turned(More)
We determined whether ANP (atrial natriuretic peptide) concentrations, measured by radioimmunoassay, in the ANPergic cerebral regions involved in regulation of sodium intake and excretion and pituitary glad correlated with differences in sodium preference among 40 Wistar male rats (180-220 g). Sodium preference was measured as mean spontaneous ingestion of(More)
Neurons which release atrial natriuretic peptide (ANPergic neurons) have their cell bodies in the paraventricular nucleus and in a region extending rostrally and ventrally to the anteroventral third ventricular (AV3V) region with axons which project to the median eminence and neural lobe of the pituitary gland. These neurons act to inhibit water and salt(More)