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Our hypothesis is that oxytocin (OT) causes natriuresis by activation of renal NO synthase that releases NO followed by cGMP that mediates the natriuresis. To test this hypothesis, an inhibitor of NO synthase, L-nitroarginine methyl ester (NAME), was injected into male rats. Blockade of NO release by NAME had no effect on natriuresis induced by atrial(More)
Our previous studies have shown that stimulation of the anterior ventral third ventricular region increases atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) release, whereas lesions of this structure, the median eminence, or removal of the neural lobe of the pituitary block ANP release induced by blood volume expansion (BVE). These results indicate that participation of(More)
The effect of exposure to lead on endocrine function was studied in pubertal rats treated with 1.0 g/l lead acetate (PbAc) in drinking water for 20 days (subacute group) or 9 months (chronic group) in addition to iv injections of PbAc (0.1 mg/100 g body weight) every 10 (subacute group) or 15 days (chronic group). Although basal levels of testosterone were(More)
Our previous experiments suggested that natriuresis induced by blood volume expansion, was brought about by oxytocin (OT)-stimulated atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) release from the right atrium. We hypothesized that the ANP released might exert effects on the atrium itself and therefore carried out in vitro experiments to test this hypothesis. Heart rate(More)
This article provides a personal and historical review of research concerning the hypothalamic control of water and salt intake and excretion. The following major points will be considered: 1. Electrical, osmotic, cholinergic, alpha-adrenergic and peptidergic stimulation of the hypothalamus. 2. Determination of the pathways involved in these neuroendocrine(More)
The effects of cholinometics on basal or hCG-induced testosterone (T) release by Percoll-purified Leydig cells of the rat were studied. Acetylcholine and carbachol as well as nicotine decreased basal and hCG-induced T secretion. The ganglionic nicotine antagonist hexamethonium promoted a partial reversal of the inhibitory effect of nicotine on basal or(More)
Expansion of the blood volume induces natriuresis, which tends to return the blood volume to normal. This response is mediated at least in part by the release of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) into the circulation. Previous experiments have shown the participation of the anterior ventral third ventricular (AV3V) region of the hypothalamus in the ANP(More)
Results obtained in our laboratories have provided evidence for the participation of the hypothalamic atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) neuronal system in the regulation of water and electrolyte homeostasis. The anterior ventral third ventricular (AV3V) region, a site of the perikarya of the ANP neurons, receives important afferent input from ascending(More)
Selective chemical sympathectomy of the internal sex organs of adult male rats was undertaken by long term administration of low doses of guanethidine. The spermatogenic activity of the testis was unaffected by treatment. Examination of the vas deferens using morphometric methods revealed a marked increase in luminal area in contrast to a decrease in muscle(More)