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Nitrilases from Aspergillus niger CBS 513.88, A. niger K10, Gibberella moniliformis, Neurospora crassa OR74A, and Penicillium marneffei ATCC 18224 were expressed in Escherichia coli BL21-Gold (DE3) after IPTG induction. N. crassa nitrilase exhibited the highest yield of 69,000 U L−1 culture. Co-expression of chaperones (GroEL/ES in G. moniliformis and P.(More)
BACKGROUND Nitrilases attract increasing attention due to their utility in the mild hydrolysis of nitriles. According to activity and gene screening, filamentous fungi are a rich source of nitrilases distinct in evolution from their widely examined bacterial counterparts. However, fungal nitrilases have been less explored than the bacterial ones. Nitrilases(More)
The aim of this work was to determine the ability of rhodococci to transform 3,5-dichloro-4-hydroxybenzonitrile (chloroxynil), 3,5-dibromo-4-hydroxybenzonitrile (bromoxynil), 3,5-diiodo-4-hydroxybenzonitrile (ioxynil) and 2,6-dichlorobenzonitrile (dichlobenil); to identify the products and determine their acute toxicities. Rhodococcus erythropolis A4 and(More)
The aim of this study was to discover new nitrilases with useful activities, especially towards dinitriles that are precursors of high-value cyano acids. Genes coding for putative nitrilases of different origins (fungal, plant, or bacterial) with moderate similarities to known nitrilases were selected by mining the GenBank database, synthesized artificially(More)
The purpose of this study is to summarize the current knowledge of the enzymes which are involved in the hydrolysis of cyanide, i.e., cyanide hydratases (CHTs; EC 4.2.1.66) and cyanide dihydratases (CynD; EC 3.5.5.1). CHTs are probably exclusively produced by filamentous fungi and widely occur in these organisms; in contrast, CynDs were only found in a few(More)
Retraction The authors have retracted this article [1] due to the ethical misconduct of Karel Bezouska and misappropri-ation of data which fundamentally changes the main findings of the article. Specifically, the upper amino acid sequence in Figure 1 (by KB) in BMC Biotechnol 11:2 was incorrect, therefore Nit-ANigWT and Nit-ANigRec (nitrilase expressed in(More)
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