Alicja Barbara Veselá

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The soil actinobacteria Rhodococcus rhodochrous PA-34, Rhodococcus sp. NDB 1165 and Nocardia globerula NHB-2 grown in the presence of isobutyronitrile exhibited nitrilase activities towards benzonitrile (approx. 1.1–1.9 U mg−1 dry cell weight). The resting cell suspensions eliminated benzonitrile and the benzonitrile analogues chloroxynil(More)
BACKGROUND Nitrilases attract increasing attention due to their utility in the mild hydrolysis of nitriles. According to activity and gene screening, filamentous fungi are a rich source of nitrilases distinct in evolution from their widely examined bacterial counterparts. However, fungal nitrilases have been less explored than the bacterial ones. Nitrilases(More)
Nitrilases from Aspergillus niger CBS 513.88, A. niger K10, Gibberella moniliformis, Neurospora crassa OR74A, and Penicillium marneffei ATCC 18224 were expressed in Escherichia coli BL21-Gold (DE3) after IPTG induction. N. crassa nitrilase exhibited the highest yield of 69,000 U L−1 culture. Co-expression of chaperones (GroEL/ES in G. moniliformis and P.(More)
The aim of this work was to determine the ability of rhodococci to transform 3,5-dichloro-4-hydroxybenzonitrile (chloroxynil), 3,5-dibromo-4-hydroxybenzonitrile (bromoxynil), 3,5-diiodo-4-hydroxybenzonitrile (ioxynil) and 2,6-dichlorobenzonitrile (dichlobenil); to identify the products and determine their acute toxicities. Rhodococcus erythropolis A4 and(More)
Our aim is to describe new fungal nitrilases whose sequences were published but whose catalytic properties were unknown. We adapted for expression in E. coli three of the genes and confirmed that the enzymes acted on organic nitriles. The genome mining approach was used to search for nitrilases in filamentous fungi. Synthetic genes encoding nitrilases in(More)
Escherichia coli strains expressing different nitrilases transformed nitriles or KCN. Six nitrilases (from Aspergillus niger (2), A. oryzae, Neurospora crassa, Arthroderma benhamiae, and Nectria haematococca) were arylacetonitrilases, two enzymes (from A. niger and Penicillium chrysogenum) were cyanide hydratases and the others (from P. chrysogenum, P.(More)
The aim of this study was to discover new nitrilases with useful activities, especially towards dinitriles that are precursors of high-value cyano acids. Genes coding for putative nitrilases of different origins (fungal, plant, or bacterial) with moderate similarities to known nitrilases were selected by mining the GenBank database, synthesized artificially(More)
The application of arylacetonitrilases from filamentous fungi to the hydrolysis of high concentrations of (R,S)-mandelonitrile (100-500 mM) was demonstrated for the first time. Escherichia coli strains expressing the corresponding genes were used as whole-cell catalysts. Nitrilases from Aspergillus niger, Neurospora crassa, Nectria haematococca, and(More)
The purpose of this study is to summarize the current knowledge of the enzymes which are involved in the hydrolysis of cyanide, i.e., cyanide hydratases (CHTs; EC 4.2.1.66) and cyanide dihydratases (CynD; EC 3.5.5.1). CHTs are probably exclusively produced by filamentous fungi and widely occur in these organisms; in contrast, CynDs were only found in a few(More)
Paclitaxel (taxol) is an antimicrotubule agent widely used in the treatment of cancer. Taxol is prepared in a semisynthetic route by coupling the N-benzoyl-(2R,3S)-3-phenylisoserine sidechain to the baccatin III core structure. Precursors of the taxol sidechain have previously been prepared in chemoenzymatic approaches using acylases, lipases, and(More)