Alicia Varela

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Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) protects the heart against subsequent sustained ischemia reperfusion (RP). Despite many triggers and signaling pathways, which seem to be involved in IPC, the IPC-mechanisms remain a controversial issue. One of them is endogenous production of nitric oxide (NO). To assess the role of NO in IPC and its relation with glycogen(More)
1. Fasting, which increases the catabolism of fatty acids, gives functional protection to the ischaemic-reperfused heart. To obtain further knowledge of this cardioprotective effect, changes in mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) were measured by the entrapment of 2-deoxy-[(3)H]-glucose (2-DG). We also assessed whether MPT is associated with changes(More)
The aim of the present study was to assess whether the protective effects of ischemic preconditioning (PC) are associated with activation of the mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channels (mitoKATP) and if there is any relationship between the activity of these channels and the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) opening in(More)
1. The aim of the present study was to assess whether protection afforded by the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger blocker dimethylamiloride (DMA) is associated with inhibition of mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT). The effects of DMA were compared with those of cyclosporine (Cs) A, an inhibitor of MPT. 2. Rat hearts were Langendorff perfused with(More)
Ischemic postconditioning (IPOC) protects the myocardium from ischemic–reperfusion injury, improving functional recovery and cell viability. This protection is concurrent with stimulation of glycogen breakdown, increased mitochondrial ATP synthesis and content, maintenance of reduced-to-oxidized glutathione ratio (GSH/GSSG), and decreased oxidative damage.(More)
The effects of ischemic-postconditioning (IPOC) on functional recovery and cell viability of ischemic-reperfused hearts from fed and fasted rats were studied in relation to triacylglycerol and glycogen mobilization, ATP content, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity and reduced/oxidized glutathione (GSH/GSSG). Oxidative damage was estimated by(More)
The goal of the present study was to assess the effects of a restricted feeding schedule (RFS) on postischemic contractile recovery in relation to triacylglycerol (TAG), glycogen, and ATP content. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) activity, reduced/oxidized glutathione ratio (GSH/GSSG), and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) levels were(More)
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is one of the most powerful interventions to reduce ischemia-reperfusion injury. The aim of the present study was to investigate the involvement of the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinases (PI3Ks) family in cardioprotection exerted by IPC and the relationship between preservation of mitochondrial morphology and ATP synthesis(More)
Although autophagy is a prominent feature of myocardial ischaemia and reperfusion, its functional significance is unclear and controversial. In order to gain a deeper insight into the role of autophagy in myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion, we explored the effects of the pharmacological inhibitor of autophagy 3-methyladenine (3-MA). Isolated rat atria(More)
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