Alicia Varela

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1. Fasting, which increases the catabolism of fatty acids, gives functional protection to the ischaemic-reperfused heart. To obtain further knowledge of this cardioprotective effect, changes in mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) were measured by the entrapment of 2-deoxy-[(3)H]-glucose (2-DG). We also assessed whether MPT is associated with changes(More)
Ischemic postconditioning (IPOC) protects the myocardium from ischemic–reperfusion injury, improving functional recovery and cell viability. This protection is concurrent with stimulation of glycogen breakdown, increased mitochondrial ATP synthesis and content, maintenance of reduced-to-oxidized glutathione ratio (GSH/GSSG), and decreased oxidative damage.(More)
This investigation aimed to asses whether the mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channel opener diazoxide could reproduce the protection conferred by ischemic preconditioning and to ascertain whether its effects are associated with changes in glycogen breakdown and glycolytic activity. Hearts of fed and 24-h fasted rats were perfused with 10 mM glucose(More)
1. The aim of the present study was to assess whether protection afforded by the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger blocker dimethylamiloride (DMA) is associated with inhibition of mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT). The effects of DMA were compared with those of cyclosporine (Cs) A, an inhibitor of MPT. 2. Rat hearts were Langendorff perfused with(More)
Hypoxic preconditioning (PC) was studied using rat atria set up isometrically in 10 mM dextrose medium and paced at 1 Hz, applying three different protocols wherein fed and 24-h fasted rats were used in protocols 1 and 2 and only the fed in protocol 3. In protocol 1, PC was achieved applying a 5 min hypoxia followed by 10 min of reoxygenation before the(More)
This investigation aimed to assess whether the mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channel blocker 5-hydroxydecanoate (5-HD) could abolish the protection conferred by fasting and ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and to ascertain whether these effects are associated with glycogen breakdown and glycolytic activity. Langendorff perfused hearts of fed and 24-h(More)
The aim of the present study was to assess whether the protective effects of ischemic preconditioning (PC) are associated with activation of the mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channels (mitoKATP) and if there is any relationship between the activity of these channels and the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) opening in(More)
Although autophagy is a prominent feature of myocardial ischaemia and reperfusion, its functional significance is unclear and controversial. In order to gain a deeper insight into the role of autophagy in myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion, we explored the effects of the pharmacological inhibitor of autophagy 3-methyladenine (3-MA). Isolated rat atria(More)
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is one of the most powerful interventions to reduce ischemia-reperfusion injury. The aim of the present study was to investigate the involvement of the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinases (PI3Ks) family in cardioprotection exerted by IPC and the relationship between preservation of mitochondrial morphology and ATP synthesis(More)
The effects of ischemic-postconditioning (IPOC) on functional recovery and cell viability of ischemic-reperfused hearts from fed and fasted rats were studied in relation to triacylglycerol and glycogen mobilization, ATP content, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity and reduced/oxidized glutathione (GSH/GSSG). Oxidative damage was estimated by(More)