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The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of chronic and acute exercise on the main components involved in excitation-contraction coupling and relaxation in rat heart. Sixty male Wistar rats were divided into a sedentary (S) and three 12-wk treadmill-trained groups (T-1, moderate intensity; T-2, high intensity; T-3, interval running).(More)
To examine the influence of exercise training on the expression of dihydropyridine (DHP)-sensitive Ca2+ channels in skeletal and cardiac muscle, we have determined DHP receptor levels by [3H]PN200-110-binding and immunoblot analysis in homogenates and microsomal fractions of slow- and fast-twitch muscles and heart from rats subjected to a 12-week programme(More)
The presence of a high and nonlinear Ca2+-independent (or basal) ATPase activity in rat heart preparations makes difficult the reliable measurement of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+-ATPase activity by usual methods. A spectrophotometric assay for the accurate determination of SR Ca2+-ATPase activity in unfractionated homogenates from rat heart is(More)
AIM The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of both a short (12 weeks) and a long-term (24 weeks) endurance treadmill-training programme on the levels of oxidative stress markers, the activity of the enzymatic antioxidants, and the content of the 72 kDa heat shock protein (HSP72) in rat myocardium. METHODS Thirty male Wistar rats were(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to analyze the short-term effects of a marathon race (Madrid Marathon) on both markers of cardiac damage and echocardiographic parameters in a group of 22 runners (17 male and 5 female; 34 +/- 5 yr; VO2max: 55.7 +/- 9.1 mL x kg(-1) x min(-1) with a wide range of fitness levels. METHODS Venous blood samples were(More)
The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of long-term exercise training on the main components involved in excitation-contraction coupling and relaxation in rat myocardium. Twenty male Wistar rats were divided into sedentary (S) and treadmill-trained (T) groups. Group T was trained for 24 weeks, 5 days/week (25 m/min, 45–60 min, 0%(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to analyze the short-term effects of marathon running on serum levels of cardiac markers in a group of master runners (> 60 yrs). Ten marathoners (9 male and 1 female; 63+/-4 yrs) were enrolled in the study. All of them completed the Madrid Marathon (1998). Venous blood was drawn from each subject three times during the(More)
Isolated mitochondria respiring on physiological substrates, both in state 4 and 3, are reported to be or not to be a source of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The cause of these discrepancies has been investigated. As protein concentration was raised in in vitro assays at 37 degrees C, the rate of H2O2 release by rat heart mitochondria supplemented with(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to examine the separate and combined effects of an 8-wk treatment with high doses of 17alpha-alkylated anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) and exercise training on selected lysosomal and mitochondrial enzyme activities in rat liver. METHODS Sedentary and treadmill-trained (25 m x min(-1), 45 min x d(-1), 5 d x wk(-1)) male(More)
The abuse of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) to enhance physical performance is widespread in sport communities despite their reported side effects. Since the biochemical bases for the hepatotoxic effects of these compounds are largely unknown, this investigation was aimed at testing whether prolonged (8 weeks) treatment with high doses (2 mg kg(-1) body(More)