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BACKGROUND Group A rotaviruses (RVA) are the most frequent single etiological agents of severe diarrhea in infants. Since 2006 RVA vaccines have been introduced in national schedules of middle and high income countries with substantial declines in rotavirus associated disease burden. However, surveillance must be maintained to, eventually, detect emerging(More)
A total of 47 clinical samples were identified during an active surveillance program of respiratory infections in Buenos Aires (BA) (1999 to 2004) that contained sequences of human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) with a 60-nucleotide duplication in the attachment (G) protein gene. This duplication was analogous to that previously described for other(More)
An influenza pandemic caused by swine-origin influenza virus A/H1N1 (H1N1pdm) spread worldwide in 2009, with 12,080 confirmed cases and 626 deaths occurring in Argentina. A total of 330 H1N1pdm viruses were detected from May to August 2009, and phylogenetic and genetic analyses of 21 complete genome sequences from both mild and fatal cases were achieved(More)
Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) is the main viral cause of acute lower respiratory tract infections in children. Little information about the molecular epidemiology of HRSV in developing countries, such as Argentina, is available. By RT-PCR, we subgrouped 353 HRSV isolates over six consecutive epidemic seasons (1999-2004) and few isolates from(More)
A collection of 165 adenovirus strains isolated from nasopharyngeal aspirates of children hospitalized for acute lower respiratory infection in Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay between 1991 and 1994 was studied by restriction enzyme analysis (work performed in the Department of Virology, University of Umeå). Of the isolates, 71% (n = 117) were identified as(More)
OBJECTIVES During the winter months there is a remarkable increase in paediatric hospitalisations due to viral acute lower respiratory infections (ALRI). We aimed to perform a five-year retrospective analysis (1998-2002) of ALRI viral aetiology in children under 5 years of age admitted to public hospitals in Buenos Aires city to evaluate its seasonality. (More)
The first fatal case caused by the new genome type 7i is described in an 8-month-old boy requiring long-term respiratory support who developed Reye's syndrome, acute respiratory distress, and bronchiolitis obliterans with fatal evolution. Adenovirus was detected in nasopharyngeal secretions and was persistently positive during hospitalization. IgM and IgG(More)
The frequency of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and the distribution of subgroups A and B strains during 7 consecutive years (1990-1996) were examined in two cities of Argentina. Nasopharyngeal aspirates from 1,304 children less than 2 years of age hospitalized with acute lower respiratory infection were studied by indirect immunofluorescence. RSV was(More)
BACKGROUND The human adenovirus (HAdV) types most commonly found in respiratory samples belong to HAdV species C (HAdV-C1, -C2, -C5, and -C6) and to HAdV species B (HAdV-B3 and -B7). Several studies in South America have shown the association between severe respiratory infections and subspecies B1. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to identify the(More)
We report two cases of St. Louis encephalitis where the virus was detected in patients' sera directly by molecular techniques allowing subsequent typing. Phylogenetic analysis of both samples showed that NS5 sequences clustered with viruses previously classified as genotype III.