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The CB1 subtype of the cannabinoid receptor is present on neurons in the brain and mediates the perceptual effects of Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol and other cannabinoids. We found that cat cerebral arterial smooth muscle cells (VSMC) contain the protein for the CB1 receptor and express a cDNA that has >98% amino acid homology to the CB1 cDNA expressed in rat(More)
In the brain, pressure-induced myogenic constriction of cerebral arteriolar muscle contributes to autoregulation of cerebral blood flow (CBF). This study examined the role of 20-HETE in autoregulation of CBF in anesthetized rats. The expression of P-450 4A protein and mRNA was localized in isolated cerebral arteriolar muscle of rat by immunocytochemistry(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral blood flow is tightly coupled to neuronal metabolic activity, a phenomenon referred to as functional hyperemia. The mechanisms underlying functional hyperemia in the brain have been extensively studied, but the link between neuronal activation and nutritive blood flow has yet to be defined. Recent investigations by our laboratory and(More)
The genesis and unique properties of the lymphovascular tumor embolus are poorly understood largely because of the absence of an experimental model that specifically reflects this important step of tumor progression. The lymphovascular tumor embolus is a blastocyst-like structure resistant to chemotherapy, efficient at metastasis and overexpressing(More)
1. Cerebral arteries express cytochrome P450 4A enzymes (P450 4A) and produce 20- hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), a potent constrictor of pial arterioles. It is not known which cell type in the vessel wall is responsible for the formation of 20-HETE. We examined whether freshly isolated cerebral arterial muscle cells (VSMCs) express P450 4A and(More)
20-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), a cytochrome P450 metabolite of arachidonic acid, is a potent vasoconstrictor, and has been implicated in the myogenic activation of renal and cerebral arteries. We examined the role of protein kinase C (PKC) in the signal transduction pathway by which 20-HETE induces vasoconstriction and inhibition of whole-cell(More)
The vascular response to changes in oxygen levels in the blood and tissue is a highly adaptive physiological response that functions to match tissue oxygen supply to metabolic demand. Defining the cellular mechanisms that can sense physiologically relevant changes in PO2 and adjust vascular diameter are vital to our understanding of this process. A(More)
Recent studies from our laboratory have indicated that vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) metabolize arachidonic acid via a P4504A-dependent pathway to 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), and that this system serves as a novel signal transduction pathway that plays a central role in the regulation of vascular tone. The major metabolite of(More)
Influenza A virus-specific MHC class I-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) activities among young and elderly adults were compared. Peripheral blood lymphocytes from 10 young adults, (mean age 27 +/- 2.4 years) and elderly persons (mean age 71 +/- 1.6 years) were stimulated with influenza A/Taiwan/1/86 (H1N1) virus for 7 days and assayed for lytic(More)
Perfusion pressure to the brain must remain relatively constant to provide rapid and efficient distribution of blood to metabolically active neurones. Both of these processes are regulated by the level of activation and tone of cerebral arterioles. The active state of cerebral arterial muscle is regulated, to a large extent, by the level of membrane(More)