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Poor nutritional supply to the intervertebral disc is believed to be an important factor leading to disc degeneration. However, little is known regarding nutritional transport in human annulus fibrosus (AF) and its relation to tissue morphology. We hypothesized that solute diffusivity in human AF is anisotropic and inhomogeneous, and that transport(More)
The intervertebral disc (IVD) is avascular, receiving nutrition from surrounding vasculature. Theoretical modelling can supplement experimental results to understand nutrition to IVD more clearly. A new, 3D finite element model of the IVD was developed to investigate effects of endplate calcification and mechanical deformation on glucose distributions in(More)
In this study, a new cell density model was developed and incorporated into the formulation of the mechano-electrochemical mixture theory to investigate the effects of deprivation of nutrition supply at boundary source, degeneration, and dynamic loading on the cell viability of intervertebral disc (IVD) using finite element methods. The deprivation of(More)
STUDY DESIGN Investigation of the effect of static compression and anisotropy on the apparent diffusivity of glucose in bovine annulus fibrosus (AF). OBJECTIVE. To determine the apparent glucose diffusivity in 2 directions (axial and radial) of bovine AF under 3 levels of compressive strain (0%, 10%, and 20%). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Knowledge of(More)
STUDY DESIGN Investigation of the transport behavior of ions in intervertebral disc using an electrical conductivity method. OBJECTIVES To determine the electrical conductivity and ion diffusivity of nucleus pulposus and anulus fibrosus in 3 major directions (axial, circumferential, and radial). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Knowledge of diffusivity of(More)
The intervertebral disk (IVD) is the largest avascular structure in the human body. Transport of small molecules in IVD is mainly through diffusion from the endplates and the peripheral blood vessels surrounding IVD. Studies have investigated the structure, chemical components, and water content in IVD, but to our knowledge no study has investigated the(More)
STUDY DESIGN Investigation of the effects of low glucose concentrations on the oxygen consumption rates of intervertebral disc cells. OBJECTIVES To determine the oxygen consumption rate of porcine anulus fibrosus (AF) cells at different glucose concentrations and to examine the differences in the oxygen consumption rate between AF and nucleus pulposus(More)
The intervertebral disk (IVD), characterized as a charged, hydrated soft tissue, is the largest avascular structure in the body. Mechanical loading to the disk results in electromechanical transduction phenomenon as well as altered transport properties. Electrical conductivity is a material property of tissue depending on ion concentrations and(More)
The intervertebral disc (IVD) receives important nutrients, such as glucose, from surrounding blood vessels. Poor nutritional supply is believed to play a key role in disc degeneration. Several investigators have presented finite element models of the IVD to investigate disc nutrition; however, none has predicted nutrient levels and cell viability in the(More)
The avascular intervertebral disc (IVD) receives nutrition via transport from surrounding vasculature; poor nutrition is believed to be a main cause of disc degeneration. In this study, we investigated the effects of mechanical deformation and anisotropy on the transport of two important nutrients—oxygen and glucose—in human annulus fibrosus (AF). The(More)