Alicia M. Materi

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Prostaglandin H synthase 2 (also known as cyclooxygenase-2) is thought to play a role in the prevention of colon cancer by aspirin, an inhibitor of the enzyme. We used DNA heteroduplex analysis to screen the prostaglandin H synthase 2 gene, to search for naturally occurring enzyme variants that may simulate the effects of aspirin. We found among(More)
Intestinal tumors in Apc(Min/+) mice are suppressed by over-production of HPGDS, which is a glutathione transferase that forms prostaglandin D(2) (PGD(2)). We characterized naturally occurring HPGDS isoenzymes, to see if HPGDS variation is associated with human colorectal cancer risk. We used DNA heteroduplex analysis and sequencing to identify HPGDS(More)
High doses of niacin (nicotinic acid) used to treat dyslipidemias cause flushing, due to high levels of prostaglandin D(2) (PGD(2)). GPR109A, a G-protein coupled receptor, triggers the flushing in the skin. In addition to boosting PGD(2), niacin binding to GPR109A activates the entire prostanoid cascade. We found that GPR109A occurs throughout the(More)
Three enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays which use commercially available reagents are presented as alternatives to the complement fixation procedure for large-scale detection of rotavirus antibodies. Comparison of results in 75 sera tested by indirect, competition and blocking ELISA and by complement fixation demonstrated that the ELISA techniques were(More)
Aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs prevent some cases of colon cancer by inhibiting prostaglandin (PG) synthesis. PGE(2) promotes colon neoplasia, as shown by knockout mouse studies on enzymes and receptors in the PG cascade. A few experiments 20 to 30 years ago suggested that PGD(2) may suppress tumors, but a role for biosynthetic(More)
Aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs prevent some cases of colon cancer by inhibiting prostaglandin (PG) synthesis. PGE2 promotes colon neoplasia, as shown by knockout mouse studies on enzymes and receptors in the PG cascade. A few experiments 20 to 30 years ago suggested that PGD2 may suppress tumors, but a role for biosynthetic enzymes(More)
Glutathione transferases (GSTs) are a family of enzymes that detoxify electrophilic compounds, such as carcinogens or drugs, by conjugating them to glutathione. The enzymes have contributed to the understanding of protein structure, due to large differences in amino acid sequence within the family, yet similar architecture and folding. Our objective was to(More)
Our earlier work showed that knockout of hematopoietic prostaglandin D synthase (HPGDS, an enzyme that produces prostaglandin D2) caused more adenomas in Apc(Min/+) mice. Conversely, highly expressed transgenic HPGDS allowed fewer tumors. Prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) binds to the prostaglandin D2 receptor known as PTGDR (or DP1). PGD2 metabolites bind to(More)
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