Alicia Jennifer El Haj

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Temperature influences the specific dynamic action (SDA), or rise in oxygen uptake rate after feeding, in eurythermal and stenothermal crustaceans by changing the timing and the magnitude of the response. Intra-specific studies on the eurythermal crab, Carcinus maenas, show that a reduction in acclimation temperature is associated with a decrease in SDA(More)
A technique has been established in which cancellous bone biopsies may be simultaneously perfused and subjected to mechanical load bearing. Assessments of cell viability over a period of 24 h were based on the cAMP response to parathyroid hormone, intracellular lactate dehydrogenase activity, and electron micrograph morphology. Two cellular responses to(More)
Preflight development of the goslings was typified by rapid increases in the mitochondrial enzymes of the semimembranosus and heart ventricular muscles resulting in near-adult values by 3 wk of age. In contrast, aerobic capacity of the pectoralis muscle initially developed slowly but showed a rapid increase between 5 and 7 wk of age, in preparation for(More)
STUDY DESIGN The ingrowth of nerves, blood vessels, and Schwann cells into human intervertebral discs was examined using immunohistochemistry for cell-type-specific markers. OBJECTIVES To determine whether Schwann cells may contribute to disc innervation, and to assess the relation between disc innervation and vascularization. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA(More)
TREK-1 is a mechanosensitive member of the two-pore domain potassium channel family (2PK+) that is also sensitive to lipids, free fatty acids (including arachidonic acid), temperature, intracellular pH, and a range of clinically relevant compounds including volatile anaesthetics. TREK-1 is known to be expressed at high levels in excitable tissues, such as(More)
Tissue engineering aims to induce tissue self-regeneration in vivo or to produce a functional tissue replacement in vitro to be then implanted in the body. To produce a viable and functional tendon, a uniaxially orientated collagen type I matrix has to be generated. Biochemical and physical factors can potentially alter both the production and the(More)
Mechanical loading of bone and cartilage in vivo results in the generation of cyclic hydrostatic forces as bone compression is transduced to fluid pressure in the canalicular network and the joint synovium. It has therefore been suggested that hydrostatic pressure is an important stimulus by which osteochondral cells and their progenitors sense and respond(More)
Current clinical treatments for skeletal conditions resulting in large-scale bone loss include autograft or allograft, both of which have limited effectiveness. In seeking to address bone regeneration, several tissue engineering strategies have come to the fore, including the development of growth factor releasing technologies and appropriate animal models(More)
There is an unmet need for improved, effective tissue engineering strategies to replace or repair bone damaged through disease or injury. Recent research has focused on developing biomaterial scaffolds capable of spatially and temporally releasing combinations of bioactive growth factors, rather than individual molecules, to recapitulate repair pathways(More)
Long-term in vivo studies have highlighted smoking as a risk factor in postmenopausal osteoporosis, bone fracture incidence, and increased nonunion rates. In contrast, there are few data postulating the effects of smoking at the cellular level in human skeletal tissue. In this study, we present novel evidence demonstrating that the nicotinic receptor alpha4(More)