Alicia J. Dafferner

Learn More
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) increase during tumor growth and following cytoreductive therapy resulting in immune dysfunction and tumor escape from host control. We report organ- and tumor-specific expansion of MDSCs, differences in their molecular and membrane phenotypes and T-cell suppressive activity. A significant increase in MDSCs was(More)
Female mice transgenic for the rat proto-oncogene c-erb-B2, under control of the mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) promoter (neuN), spontaneously develop metastatic mammary carcinomas. The development of these mammary tumors is associated with increased number of GR-1+CD11b+ myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in the peripheral blood (PB), spleen and(More)
A stress response can induce myeloid progenitor cell (MPC) proliferation, mobilization, and extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH) within lymphoid and parenchymal organs. Our studies using in vivo BrdU labeling, Ki-67 IHC staining, and carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester (CFSE) adoptive cell transfer revealed that spleens, rather than bone marrow (BM) and(More)
Mouse mammary tumor virus-Neu (MMTV/neu) transgenic mice on an FVB-background (FVB-neuN) have increased numbers of myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and regulatory T-cells (T-regs) in the spleen during mammary tumor induction and progression. Using this transgenic tumor model, we assessed the therapeutic activity of sunitinib, a multi-targeted,(More)
Traditional cytogenetic studies of ovarian stromal tumors are few, although trisomy 12 has been frequently documented with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). In the current study, karyotypic analysis of four ovarian stromal tumors and a review of the literature suggest that numerical abnormalities of chromosomes 4 and 9 might also be important,(More)
Nerve agents and organophosphorus pesticides make a covalent bond with the active site serine of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), resulting in inhibition of AChE activity and toxic symptoms. AChE in red blood cells (RBCs) serves as a surrogate for AChE in the nervous system. Mass spectrometry analysis of adducts on RBC AChE could provide evidence of exposure.(More)
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) are irreversibly inhibited by organophosphorus pesticides through formation of a covalent bond with the active site serine. Proteins that have no active site serine, for example albumin, are covalently modified on tyrosine and lysine. Chronic illness from pesticide exposure is not explained by(More)
Human butyrylcholinesterase (HuBChE) protects from nerve agent toxicity. Our goal was to determine whether bovine serum could be used as a source of BChE. Bovine BChE (BoBChE) was immunopurified from 100 mL fetal bovine serum (FBS) or 380 mL adult bovine serum by binding to immobilized monoclonal mAb2. Bound proteins were digested with trypsin and analyzed(More)
High-fat diets and chronic alcohol consumption (CAC) can both induce a low-grade inflammation. We report that when CAC (16.6% of total calories) is administered in combination with the Lieber-DeCarli high-fat diet an additive myeloid response is induced. This increase in inflammation included hepatic and splenic EMM as assessed by flow cytometry,(More)
Human plasma to be analyzed for exposure to cholinesterase inhibitors is stored at 4 °C or lower to prevent denaturation of human butyrylcholinesterase (HuBChE), the biomarker of exposure. Currently published protocols immunopurify HuBChE using antibodies that bind native HuBChE before analysis by mass spectrometry. It is anticipated that the plasma(More)
  • 1