Alicia Garcia-Herrero

Learn More
  • Ilker Domaç, Maria Soledad Martinez Peria, +6 authors Sergio Schmukler
  • 2000
This paper empirically investigates the linkages between banking crises and exchange rate regimes, using a comprehensive data set including developed and developing countries over the last two decades. In particular, the paper examines whether the choice of exchange rate regime affects the likelihood, cost, and duration of banking crises. Empirical results(More)
We investigate the empirical determinants of China’s outward direct investment (ODI). It is found that China’s investments in developed and developing countries are driven by different sets of factors. Subject to the differences between developed and developing countries, there is evidence that: (i) both market-seeking and resource-seeking motives drive(More)
We would like to thank an anonymous referee and the editor for very useful suggestions. An earlier version of the paper was presented at the Claremont Conference on Asian Regional Integration, February 2005. We received very constructive comments from Ken Reinart, Barry Eichengreen, Joshua Aizenman and other workshop participants. All errors are ours.(More)
Gram-negative bacteria possess outer membrane receptors that utilize energy provided by the TonB system to take up iron. Several of these receptors participate in extracytoplasmic factor (ECF) signalling through an N-terminal signalling domain that interacts with a periplasmic transmembrane anti-sigma factor protein and a cytoplasmic sigma factor protein.(More)
Siderophores are biosynthetically produced and secreted by many bacteria, yeasts, fungi and plants, to scavenge for ferric iron (Fe3+). They are selective iron-chelators that have an extremely high affinity for binding this trivalent metal ion. The ferric ion is poorly soluble but it is the form of iron that is predominantly found in oxygenated(More)
Gram-negative bacteria such as Escherichia coli are surrounded by two membranes with a thin peptidoglycan (PG)-layer located in between them in the periplasmic space. The outer membrane protein A (OmpA) is a 325-residue protein and it is the major protein component of the outer membrane of E. coli. Previous structure determinations have focused on the(More)
The transport of iron complexes through outer membrane transporters from Gram-negative bacteria is highly dependent on the TonB system. Together, the three components of the system, TonB, ExbB and ExbD, energize the transport of iron complexes through the outer membrane by utilizing the proton motive force across the cytoplasmic membrane. The(More)
After analyzing the different reasons why the financial system and also the regulatory framework induced procyclicality, this paper reviews the experiences of three countries which have introduced dynamic provisioning as a regulatory tool to limit procyclicality. The case of Spain—the country with the longest experience—is reviewed, as well as those of(More)