Alicia Franke

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Comparative analysis of multiple genomes in a phylogenetic framework dramatically improves the precision and sensitivity of evolutionary inference, producing more robust results than single-genome analyses can provide. The genomes of 12 Drosophila species, ten of which are presented here for the first time (sechellia, simulans, yakuba, erecta, ananassae,(More)
Here we report a high-quality draft genome sequence of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris), together with a dense map of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) across breeds. The dog is of particular interest because it provides important evolutionary information and because existing breeds show great phenotypic diversity for morphological, physiological(More)
The polycomb group (Pc-G) genes are responsible for maintaining the repressed state of homeotic genes during development. It has been suggested that the Pc-G exerts its transcriptional control by regulating higher order chromatin structure. In particular, the finding of genetic and molecular similarities to components involved in heterochromatin formation,(More)
The rox1 and rox2 RNAs have been suggested to be components of the dosage compensation machinery in Drosophila. We show that both rox RNAs colocalize with the male-specific lethal proteins at hundreds of specific bands along the male X chromosome. The rox RNAs and MSL proteins also colocalize with the X chromosome in all somatic cells and are expressed in(More)
In species where males and females differ in number of sex chromosomes, the expression of sex-linked genes is equalized by a process known as dosage compensation. In Drosophila melanogaster, dosage compensation is mediated by the binding of the products of the male-specific lethal (msl) genes to the single male X chromosome. Here we report that the sex- and(More)
The chromo domain was identified as a homologous protein motif between Polycomb (Pc)--a member of the Pc-group genes encoding transcriptional repressors of the homeotic genes--and HP1--a heterochromatin-associated protein encoded by the suppressor of position effect variegation gene Su(var)205. Together with previous genetic studies, this molecular(More)
In Drosophila, dosage compensation occurs by transcribing the single male X chromosome at twice the rate of each of the two female X chromosomes. This hypertranscription requires four autosomal male-specific lethal (msl) genes and is negatively regulated by the Sxl gene in females. Two of the msls, the mle and msl-1 genes, encode proteins that are(More)
In Drosophila equalization of the amounts of gene products produced by X-linked genes in the two sexes is achieved by hypertranscription of the single male X chromosome. This process, dosage compensation, is controlled by a set of male-specific lethal (msl) genes, that appear to act at the level of chromatin structure. The properties of the MSL proteins(More)
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