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Development of thylakoid membranes depends upon the transport of membrane vesicles from the chloroplast inner envelope and subsequent fusion of vesicles within the interior of the plastid. The Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) Thylakoid formation1 (Thf1) gene product is shown here to control an important step required for the normal organization of these(More)
The chloroplast signal recognition particle (cpSRP) and its receptor, chloroplast FtsY (cpFtsY), form an essential complex with the translocase Albino3 (Alb3) during post-translational targeting of light-harvesting chlorophyll-binding proteins (LHCPs). Here, we describe a combination of studies that explore the binding interface and functional role of a(More)
Ch-mAb7F9, a human-mouse chimeric monoclonal antibody (mAb) designed to bind (+)-methamphetamine (METH) with high affinity and specificity, was produced as a treatment medication for METH abuse. In these studies, we present the preclinical characterization that provided predictive evidence that ch-mAb7F9 may be safe and effective in humans. In vitro ligand(More)
Signal recognition particles (SRPs) in the cytosols of prokaryotes and eukaryotes are used to target proteins to cytoplasmic membranes and the endoplasmic reticulum, respectively. The mechanism of targeting relies on cotranslational SRP binding to hydrophobic signal sequences. An organellar SRP identified in chloroplasts (cpSRP) is unusual in that it(More)
The signal recognition particle (SRP) and its receptor (FtsY in prokaryotes) are essential for cotranslational protein targeting to the endoplasmic reticulum in eukaryotes and the cytoplasmic membrane in prokaryotes. An SRP/FtsY-like protein targeting/integration pathway in chloroplasts mediates the posttranslational integration of the light-harvesting(More)
The chloroplast signal recognition particle (cpSRP) and its receptor (cpFtsY) function in thylakoid biogenesis to target integral membrane proteins to thylakoids. Unlike cytosolic SRP receptors in eukaryotes, cpFtsY partitions between thylakoid membranes and the soluble stroma. Based on sequence alignments, a membrane-binding motif identified in Escherichia(More)
The chloroplast signal recognition particle consists of a conserved 54-kDa GTPase and a novel 43-kDa chromodomain protein (cpSRP43) that together bind light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b-binding protein (LHCP) to form a soluble targeting complex that is subsequently directed to the thylakoid membrane. Homology-based modeling of cpSRP43 indicates the presence(More)
Protein targeting is critical in all living organisms and involves a signal recognition particle (SRP), an SRP receptor, and a translocase. In co-translational targeting, interactions among these proteins are mediated by the ribosome. In chloroplasts, the light-harvesting chlorophyll-binding protein (LHCP) in the thylakoid membrane is targeted(More)
The purpose of this study was to identify and characterize Escherichia coli proteins which display affinity towards both Immobilized Metal Affinity Chromatography (IMAC) and Hydrophobic Interaction Chromatography (HIC). Co(II) IMAC was chosen as the primary capture step, followed by HIC employing different concentrations of salt to promote adsorption.(More)
We report the assignment of a 109 amino acid C-terminal chromo domain of the chloroplast signal recognition particle cpSRP43 subunit. cpSRP43 plays a crucial role in the targeting of light harvesting chlorophyll proteins to the thylakoids.