Alicia C Ross

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The acute inflammatory response to tissue injury and infection is associated with low concentrations of plasma retinol and its specific transport proteins, retinol-binding protein (RBP) and transthyretin (TTR). To examine the kinetics and mechanism of hyporetinemia, we have induced acute inflammation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS, from Pseudomonas(More)
Retinoic acid (RA), through nuclear retinoid receptors, regulates the expression of numerous genes. However, little is known of the biochemical mechanisms that regulate RA concentration in vivo. CYP26 (P450RAI), a novel cytochrome P450, is expressed during embryonic development, induced by all-trans RA, and capable of catalyzing the oxidation of [3H]RA to(More)
Previous studies have indicated the presence of both neutral and acid, bile salt-independent retinyl ester hydrolases associated with plasma membrane and endosome fractions of rat liver homogenates. In the present studies, chylomicrons containing tritium-labeled retinyl esters were injected intravenously into rats in order to study the initial metabolism of(More)
Because vitamin A in milk is largely present as esterified retinol while blood plasma predominantly contains unesterified retinol, experiments were conducted to determine whether membranes from the lactating mammary gland are able to synthesize retinyl esters in vitro. When microsomes from rats lactating for 7 to 14 days were incubated with [(3)H]retinol(More)
Apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) gene expression is known to be regulated by nutritional and hormonal factors. Experiments were conducted to determine the effects of vitamin A deficiency and retinoic acid repletion on the in vivo expression of apoA-I in rat intestine and liver. The relative abundance of apoA-I mRNA (apoA-I/beta-actin ratio) in the intestine did(More)
4-(Hydroxymethyl-benzenediazonium tetrafluoroborate was administered as a single intragastric instillation at 400 micrograms/g to Swiss albino mice. The treatment gave rise to glandular stomach tumours in incidences of 30% in females and 32% in males. Histopathologically, the tumours were classified as polypoid adenomas and adenocarcinomas. This diazonium(More)
The influence of extracellular fatty acids on the uptake and esterification of [3H]retinol bound to human retinol-binding protein (RBP), to RBP-transthyretin (TTR), or in dispersed form by the human hepatoma, HepG2, and human mammary epithelial carcinoma, MCF-7, cell lines was studied. The esterification of [3H]retinol was significantly increased in cells(More)
Microsomes from liver and several other tissues esterify retinol through both fatty acyl-CoA-dependent and -independent reactions. Two activities, acyl-CoA:retinol acyltransferase (ARAT) and lecithin:retinol acyltransferase (LRAT) activities, have been characterized enzymatically but neither has yet been purified and characterized biochemically. We have(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) (15-39 years) is increasingly recognized as a distinct clinical and biological entity. Cancer of unknown primary (CUP), a disease traditionally presenting in older adults with a median age of 65 years, poses several challenges when diagnosed in AYA patients. This study describes clinicopathological(More)