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Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) is a well-known mediator of cancer metastasis but is also thought to be involved in several aspects of cancer development, including cell growth and inflammation. We comprehensively characterized genetic variation across the MMP-2 gene and evaluated associations with breast cancer risk using a two-phase (phase 1 and phase(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) is a small secreted proteolytic enzyme with broad substrate specificity against ECM and non-ECM components. Known to be vital for tumor invasion and metastasis, accumulating evidence also implicates MMP-7 in cancer development. Using data from the Shanghai Breast Cancer Study, we conducted a two-stage study to evaluate the(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) is a small secreted proteolytic enzyme with broad substrate specificity. Its expression has been shown to be associated with tumor invasion, metastasis and survival for a variety of cancers. We systematically evaluated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in MMP-7 in relation to breast cancer survival in a large(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 (interstitial collagenase) and MMP-3 (stromelysin) are structurally related multifunctional enzymes that are involved in physiologic and pathologic tissue remodeling (1, 2). Known to contribute to breast cancer invasion and metastasis (35), roles in breast tumor initiation and progression have also been suggested (6-10).(More)
Menopause timing has a substantial impact on infertility and risk of disease, including breast cancer, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. We report a dual strategy in ∼70,000 women to identify common and low-frequency protein-coding variation associated with age at natural menopause (ANM). We identified 44 regions with common variants,(More)
BACKGROUND The TGF-β signaling pathway plays a significant role in the carcinogenic process of breast cancer. METHODS We systematically evaluated associations of common variants in TGF-β signaling pathway genes with breast cancer risk using a multistage, case-control study among Asian women. RESULTS In the first stage, 341 single-nucleotide(More)
Energy-related indicators, including physical activity, energy intake, body mass index (BMI) and adult weight change, have been linked to breast cancer risk. Very few studies of these associations have been conducted among black women, therefore we used the Nashville Breast Health Study (NBHS) to determine whether similar effects were seen in black and(More)
BACKGROUND More than 1000 reports have been published in the past two decades on associations between variants in candidate genes and risk of breast cancer. Results have been generally inconsistent. We did a literature search and meta-analyses to provide a synopsis of the current understanding of the genetic architecture of breast-cancer risk. METHODS A(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental and epidemiologic evidence have suggested that chronic inflammation may play a critical role in endometrial carcinogenesis. METHODS To investigate this hypothesis, a two-stage study was carried out to evaluate single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in inflammatory pathway genes in association with endometrial cancer risk. In stage(More)
In addition to tumor invasion and angiogenesis, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)9 also contributes to carcinogenesis and tumor growth. Genetic variation that may influence MMP9 expression was evaluated among participants of the Shanghai Breast Cancer Genetics Study (SBCGS) for associations with breast cancer susceptibility. In stage 1, 11 MMP9 single(More)