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Lesions to the lateral parabrachial nucleus (PBN), one of the subnuclei that make up the pontine parabrachial complex, impairs the acquisition of taste aversion learning (TAL) with LiCl as the toxic stimulus. In this experiment, PBNl-lesioned and control rats were trained to learn a delayed task with a 15-min interval between presentation of the gustatory(More)
The research about the neural basis of taste aversion learning (TAL) has pointed out the area postrema (AP) as a fundamental structure implied in the processing of certain toxic stimuli. Likewise, recent studies demonstrated that electric stimulation of the AP is an efficient substitute of the aversive stimulus. The lateral parabrachial nucleus (PBN1), one(More)
The interest for South American camelids has increased in the last years. The aim of the present research was to compare the in vitro production of Lama glama embryos using two techniques: in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). For IVF technique, we compared the effect of adding or not, heparin, penicillamine and(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of the embryo transfer (ET) maneuvers on plasma progesterone concentrations in recipient Lama glama females and the relationship between the site the embryo was transferred to and corpus luteum (CL) localization. Experiment I (effect of transcervical threading): adult non-pregnant, non-lactating llama(More)
The aim of the present study was two-fold. Experiment I: evaluate the effect of buserelin on llama's oocyte maturation after exogenous follicular activity suppression, followed by ovarian superstimulation with different doses of equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG). Experiment II: compare the number of follicles aspirated and the number of cumulus-oocyte(More)
The effect of medullary afferent vagal axotomy on NaCl-induced short-term and long-term taste aversion learning (TAL) was examined to assess the relevance of the vagus nerve in drug-induced TAL. The results show that medullary afferent vagal axotomy disrupts NaCl-induced short-term (nondelayed) TAL, while having no effect on learning acquired with the same(More)
In bitches in anestrus, artificial endometrial sex cycles were induced. Estrus was induced by 17 beta-estradiol benzoate administration; matched untreated and vehicle-treated controls were studied. Early metadiestrus (6th day after appearance of metestrum cells in vaginal smears) was induced by the sequential administration of 17 beta-estradiol benzoate and(More)
This series of experiments demonstrates a functional dissociation between the area postrema (AP) and the vagus nerve in short-term taste aversion learning (TAL). Although medullary axotomy of the afferent component of the vagus disrupted the learning observed with NaCl-induced short-term (nondelayed) TAL, lesioning the AP failed to interfere with the(More)
In general, fertility in breeding stallions is lower and more variable than in the other farm animal species, primarily because selection is based on pedigree, looks and/or athletic performance, with little consideration of fertility or fertility potential. Moreover, because the average stallion breeds only a limited number of mares per year and in-field(More)