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Temozolomide (SCH 52365; TEMODAL) is an antineoplastic agent with activity against a broad spectrum of murine tumors. This compound is currently marketed in the European Union for the treatment of patients with glioblastoma multiforme and anaplastic astrocytoma, which are serious and aggressive types of brain cancers. It has been postulated that(More)
Recently, the presence of a soluble form of IL-2 receptor (IL-2RS) in human sera and in supernatants of PHA-stimulated lymphocytes has been demonstrated. It has been suggested that autoimmune diseases could be characterized by a defect in production of IL-2RS, unlike immunoproliferative disorders which are characterized by overproduction. Our aim was to(More)
5-(3-Methyltriazen-1-yl)-imidazo-4-carboximide (MTIC) is a highly unstable compound which is believed to be the biologically active degradation product of the antitumor agent temozolomide. An HPLC method has been developed and validated for the analysis of MTIC in human plasma. Because of the instability of MTIC, sample processing was kept to minimal. The(More)
BACKGROUND This study evaluates whether surgical strategies such as the portosystemic shunt and ischemic preconditioning can protect against hepatic and pulmonary injury associated with liver transplantation. METHODS The effect of the portosystemic shunt, ischemic preconditioning, and both surgical procedures together were evaluated in rat liver(More)
Purpose: Temozolomide is an imidazotetrazine alkylating agent which undergoes chemical conversion at physiological pH to the active species 5-(3-methyltriazene-1-yl)imidazole-4-carboxamide (MTIC) but is stable at acid pH. This study evaluated the effect of an increase in gastric pH, through the use of ranitidine, on the oral bioavailability and plasma(More)
The pharmacokinetics of rosaramicin was studied in subjects receiving 500 mg of the drug (i) by 1-h intravenous infusion, (ii) in solution orally, or (iii) as tablets orally. After intravenous administration, the rosaramicin levels in serum declined rapidly with t1/2S of 0.27 h for the distribution phase and 3.28 h for the elimination phase. The apparent(More)
The pharmacokinetics of Sch 28191, the N-D-ornithyl methyl ester of amphotericin B, and amphotericin B were studied in mice, rats, dogs, and cynomolgus monkeys after an intravenous dose of 0.6 mg/kg was administered. The decline in the concentrations of Sch 28191 and amphotericin B in serum appeared to be biphasic in nature. The half-life at the(More)
The pharmacokinetics of Sch 34343, a new broad-spectrum penem antibiotic, was studied in subjects receiving 1 g of 14C-labeled drug by intravenous administration. At the end of a 30-min intravenous infusion, the mean maximum concentration of drug in serum was 39 micrograms/ml for unchanged Sch 34343 and 49 mu eq/ml for total radioactivity. The mean serum(More)
Two liquid chromatographic methods with UV detection were developed for the determination of ceftibuten in human plasma and urine. Diluted plasma samples were directly injected onto a reversed-phase column without prior protein precipitation while diluted urine samples were processed through an automated on-line sample clean-up procedure using(More)
The pharmacokinetics and metabolism of [14C]rosaramicin were studied in dogs after intravenous (i.v.; 10 mg/kg [bodyweight]) and oral (25 mg/kg) administration. After i.v. administration, rosaramicin levels in plasma declined rapidly, with half-lives of 0.22 h for the distribution phase and 0.97 h for the elimination phase. The apparent volume of(More)