Alice Y. W. Chang

Learn More
Converging evidence suggests that the accumulation of cerebral amyloid beta-protein (Abeta) in Alzheimer's disease (AD) reflects an imbalance between the production and degradation of this self-aggregating peptide. Upregulation of proteases that degrade Abeta thus represents a novel therapeutic approach to lowering steady-state Abeta levels, but the(More)
Neuroadaptation in the nucleus accumbens (NAc), a central component of the mesolimbic dopamine (DA) system, has been implicated in the development of cocaine-induced psychomotor sensitization and relapse to cocaine seeking. However, little is known about the cellular and synaptic mechanisms underlying such adaptation. Using a mouse model of behavioral(More)
RATIONALE Oxidative stress in rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM), where sympathetic premotor neurons for the maintenance of neurogenic vasomotor tone are located, contributes to neural mechanisms of hypertension. Emerging evidence suggests that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) manifests "nontrophic" actions. OBJECTIVE We assessed the hypothesis(More)
Status epilepticus results in preferential neuronal cell loss in the hippocampus. We evaluated the hypothesis that the repertoire of intracellular events in the vulnerable hippocampal CA3 subfield after induction of experimental temporal lobe status epilepticus entails upregulation of nitric oxide synthase II (NOS II), followed by the release of(More)
The cellular and molecular basis of brain stem death remains an enigma. As the origin of a "life-and-death" signal that reflects the progression toward brain stem death, the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) is a suitable neural substrate for mechanistic delineation of this phenomenon. Here, we evaluated the hypothesis that heat shock proteins (HSPs)(More)
As much as brain stem death is currently the clinical definition of death in many countries and is a phenomenon of paramount medical importance, there is a dearth of information on its mechanistic underpinnings. A majority of the clinical studies are concerned only with methods to determine brain stem death. Whereas a vast amount of information is available(More)
As the origin of a 'life-and-death' signal that reflects central cardiovascular regulatory failure during brain stem death, the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) is a suitable neural substrate for mechanistic delineation of this vital phenomenon. Using a clinically relevant animal model that employed the organophosphate pesticide mevinphos (Mev) as the(More)
The organophosphate insecticide mevinphos (Mev) acts on the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM), where sympathetic vasomotor tone originates, to elicit phasic cardiovascular responses via nitric oxide (NO) generated by NO synthase (NOS) I and II. We evaluated the contribution of soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC)/cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP)/protein(More)
RATIONALE Mitochondrial uncoupling proteins (UCPs) belong to a superfamily of mitochondrial anion transporters that uncouple ATP synthesis from oxidative phosphorylation and mitigates mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production. OBJECTIVE We assessed the hypothesis that UCP2 participates in central cardiovascular regulation by maintaining reactive(More)
The rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) is the origin of a 'life-and-death' signal that reflects central cardiovascular regulatory failure during brain stem death. Using an experimental endotoxaemia model, we evaluated the hypothesis that the 60 kDa heat shock protein 60 (HSP60) reduces cardiovascular fatality during brain stem death via an anti-apoptotic(More)