Alice Valoski

Learn More
We report 10-year treatment outcomes for obese children in 4 randomized treatment studies. At 10 years, 34% decreased percentage overweight by 20% or more, and 30% were not obese. Significant effects were observed when parents and children were targeted and reinforced for weight loss in comparison with nontargeted controls and for children given lifestyle(More)
CONTEXT Obesity, typically measured as body mass index of 30 or higher, has 3 subclasses: obesity 1 (30-34.9); obesity 2 (35-39.9); and extreme obesity (> or =40). Extreme obesity is increasing particularly rapidly in the United States, yet its health risks are not well characterized. OBJECTIVE To determine how cardiovascular and mortality risks differ(More)
Using a prospective, randomized, controlled design, we examined the effects of behavioral family-based treatment on percent overweight and growth over 10 years in obese 6- to 12-year-old children. Obese children and their parents were randomized to three groups that were provided similar diet, exercise, and behavior management training but differed in the(More)
This article presents the 5-year outcome of family-based behavioral treatment of obesity for 6- to 12-year-old children in 162 families across 4 treatment outcome studies. Results suggest that treatments that use (a) conjoint targeting and reinforcement of child and parent behavior or (b) reciprocal targeting and reinforcement of children and parents are(More)
Obese children 8-12 years old from 61 families were randomized to treatment groups that targeted increased exercise, decreased sedentary behaviors, or both (combined group) to test the influence of reinforcing children to be more active or less sedentary on child weight change. Significant decreases in percentage overweight were observed after 4 months(More)
This study tested the effects of mastery criteria and contingent reinforcement in a family-based behavioral weight control program for obese children and their parents over two years. Families with obese children were randomized to one of two groups. The experimental group was targeted and reinforced for mastery of diet, exercise, weight loss, and parenting(More)
Several conclusions can be drawn on the basis of the research reviewed: Obese children are more likely to become obese adults than are their thinner peers. Parent weight may interact with child weight status in the etiology of adult obesity. Obese children with obese parents are more likely to become obese adults than are obese children with thin parents.(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare mortality, nonfatal coronary heart disease (CHD), and congestive heart failure (CHF) risk across BMI categories in white, African American, and Hispanic women, with a focus on severe obesity (BMI ≥ 40), and examine heterogeneity in weight-related CHD risk. METHODS Among 156,775 Women's Health Initiative observational study and(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term health characteristics and quality of life in patients with breast implants are important issues in plastic surgery. METHODS The authors evaluated characteristics of women who had breast implant surgery in the Women's Health Initiative observational study between 1993 and 1998. Most women in this study cohort had breast implant(More)