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AIMS Monocyte systemic levels are known to be a major determinant of ischaemic tissue revascularization, but the mechanisms mediating mobilization of different monocyte subsets-Ly6C(hi) and Ly6C(lo)-to the blood and their respective role in post-ischaemic neovascularization are not clearly understood. Here, we hypothesized that distinct chemokine/chemokine(More)
BACKGROUND The hypoxia-inducible transcription factor (HIF) subunits are destabilized via the O(2)-dependent prolyl hydroxylase domain proteins (PHD1, PHD2, and PHD3). We investigated whether inhibition of PHDs via upregulating HIF might promote postischemic neovascularization. METHODS AND RESULTS Mice with right femoral artery ligation were treated, by(More)
BACKGROUND We hypothesized that microparticles (MPs) released after ischemia are endogenous signals leading to postischemic vasculogenesis. METHODS AND RESULTS MPs from mice ischemic hind-limb muscle were detected by electron microscopy 48 hours after unilateral femoral artery ligation as vesicles of 0.1- to 1-microm diameter. After isolation by(More)
OBJECTIVE Leukocyte infiltration in ischemic areas is a hallmark of myocardial infarction, and overwhelming infiltration of innate immune cells has been shown to promote adverse remodeling and cardiac rupture. Recruitment of inflammatory cells in the ischemic heart depends highly on the family of CC-chemokines and their receptors. Here, we hypothesized that(More)
BACKGROUND Interaction with heparan sulfate proteoglycans is supposed to provide chemokines with the capacity to immobilize on cell surface and extracellular matrix for accomplishing both tissue homing and signaling of attracted cells. However, the consequences of the exclusive invalidation of such interaction on the roles played by endogenous chemokines in(More)
BACKGROUND C/EBP homologous protein-10 (CHOP-10) is a novel developmentally regulated nuclear protein that emerges as a critical transcriptional integrator among pathways regulating differentiation, proliferation, and survival. In the present study, we analyzed the role of CHOP-10 in postnatal neovascularization. METHODS AND RESULTS Ischemia was induced(More)
BACKGROUND Nitric oxide synthase uncoupling occurs under conditions of oxidative stress modifying the enzyme's function so it generates superoxide rather than nitric oxide. Nitric oxide synthase uncoupling occurs with chronic pressure overload, and both are ameliorated by exogenous tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4)-a cofactor required for normal nitric oxide(More)
RATIONALE Adiponectin has anti-inflammatory effects in experimental models, but its role in the regulation of myocardial redox state in humans is unknown. Although adiponectin is released from epicardial adipose tissue (EpAT), it is unclear whether it exerts any paracrine effects on the human myocardium. OBJECTIVE To explore the cross talk between(More)
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