Alice P. Pentland

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Extensive documentation has validated the role of UV irradiation as a tumor initiator and promoter, inducing both squamous and basal cell carcinomas. Human epidermis is a tissue which undergoes active metabolism of arachidonic acid to prostaglandins which is regulated by the action of prostaglandin H synthase (also known as cyclooxygenase). One mechanism(More)
The capacity of cells to organize and contract collagen fibrils is fundamental to processes as diverse as embryogenesis and wound healing. We analyzed different beta 1 integrins on diploid fibroblasts for their role in modifying the tertiary structure of collagen matrices. Using monoclonal antibodies that block the interaction of integrins with their(More)
BACKGROUND Preclinical studies indicate that the enzyme cyclooxygenase 2 plays an important role in ultraviolet-induced skin cancers. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of celecoxib, a cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor, as a chemopreventive agent for actinic keratoses, the premalignant precursor of nonmelanoma skin cancers, and for nonmelanoma skin cancers,(More)
PURPOSE To study the functional significance of prostaglandin synthesis after ultraviolet-B (UVB) exposure of cultured human lens epithelial cells and rabbit eyes in vivo. METHODS Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) was assayed using a radioimmunoassay (RIA) and mass spectroscopy. An immortalized human lens epithelial cell line (HLE-B3) was exposed to UV irradiation,(More)
PURPOSE The goals of this investigation were to examine the synthesis of prostaglandins after UVB exposure of lens epithelial cells and to investigate their role in cell proliferation. METHODS Cultured rabbit lens epithelial cells (cell line N/N1003A) were exposed to low levels of UV radiation. Prostaglandins were assayed by radioimmunoassay; products of(More)
Aldo-keto reductase 1C3 (AKR1C3) has been shown to mediate the metabolism of sex hormones and prostaglandin D(2) (PGD(2)), a lipid mediator that promotes skin inflammation in atopic dermatitis (AD). As both have a role in skin function and pathology, we first sought to investigate the expression pattern of AKR1C3 in normal human epidermis.(More)
Cancer patients may experience skin problems while undergoing chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Frequency of skin reactions may be influenced by skin pigmentation and psychological factors. A Symptom Inventory completed by 656 cancer patients nationwide before and after chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy plus radiation therapy was analysed(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have implicated NF-κB signaling in both cutaneous development and oncogenesis. However, these studies have been limited in part by the lethality that results from extreme over- or under-expression of NF-κB in available mouse models. Even cre-driven tissue specific expression of transgenes, or targeted deletion of NF-κB can cause(More)
Non-melanoma skin cancer represents the most common cancer in the United States. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the skin is a subtype of NMSC that shows a greater potential for invasion and metastasis. The current study identifies the protein kinase C-associated kinase (PKK), which is also known as the receptor-interacting protein kinase 4, as a(More)
In this paper we demonstrate the ability to predict changes to heart rate due to changes in levels of activity, up to an hour into the future. Activity levels are calculated from data collected by a worn accelerometer for a person performing daily activities outside a laboratory environment. People with congestive heart failure must take care not to(More)