Alice Nemajerova

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Previous studies showed that p53 plays a central role in G1 and DNA damage checkpoints, thus contributing to genomic stability. We show here that p73 also plays a role in genomic integrity but this mechanism is manifest only when p53 is lost. Isolated p73 loss in primary cells does not induce genomic instability. Instead, it results in impaired(More)
The induction of apoptosis by p53 in response to cellular stress is its most conserved function and crucial for p53 tumor suppression. We recently reported that p53 directly induces oligomerization of the BH1,2,3 effector protein Bak, leading to outer mitochondrial membrane permeabilization (OMMP) with release of apoptotic activator proteins. One important(More)
Recent studies demonstrated that proinflammatory migration inhibitory factor(MIF) blocks p53-dependent apoptosis and interferes with the tumor suppressor activity of p53. To explore the mechanism underlying this MIF-p53 relationship, we studied spontaneous tumorigenesis in genetically matched p53-/- and MIF-/-p53-/- mice. We show that the loss of MIF(More)
The MDM2 oncoprotein ubiquitinates and antagonizes p53 but may also carry out p53-independent functions. Here we report that MDM2 is required for the efficient generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from murine embryonic fibroblasts, in the absence of p53. Similarly, MDM2 depletion in the context of p53 deficiency also promoted the(More)
Proper repair of DNA damage is critical for protecting genomic stability, cellular viability and suppression of tumorigenesis. Both p53-dependent and p53-independent pathways have evolved to coordinate the cellular response following DNA damage. In this review, we highlight the importance of the ubiquitously expressed protein macrophage migration inhibitory(More)
Transcriptional silencing of the p73 gene through methylation has been demonstrated in human leukemias and lymphomas. However, the role of p73 in the malignant process remains to be explored. We show here that p73 acts as a T cell-specific tumor suppressor in a genetically defined mouse model, and that concomitant ablation of p53 and p73 predisposes mice to(More)
Macrophage migration-inhibitory factor (MIF) is an upstream regulator of innate immunity and a potential molecular link between inflammation and cancer. The unusual structural homology between MIF and certain tautomerases, which includes both a conserved substrate-binding pocket and a catalytic N-terminal proline (Pro1), has fueled speculation that an(More)
Somatic cells can be converted into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) by forced expression of various combinations of transcription factors, but the molecular mechanisms of reprogramming are poorly understood. Specifically, evidence that the reprogramming process can take many distinct routes only begins to emerge. It is definitively established that(More)
Mice engineered to express c-Myc in B cells (Emu-myc mice) develop lethal lymphomas in which the gene encoding the p53 tumor suppressor is frequently mutated. Whether the p53 homolog p73 also functions as a tumor suppressor in vivo remains controversial. Here we have shown that p73 loss does not substantially affect disease onset and mortality in Emu-myc(More)