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SETTING Government hospitals in five districts in Malawi. OBJECTIVE To determine care seeking behaviour and diagnostic processes in patients newly diagnosed with smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). DESIGN Structured questionnaires completed by interview between January to September 1998. RESULTS During the study period 1,518 patients were(More)
OBJECTIVE To report on the trends in new and recurrent tuberculosis (TB) case notifications in a rural district of Malawi that has embarked on large-scale roll-out of antiretroviral treatment (ART). METHODS Descriptive study analysing TB case notification and ART enrolment data between 2002 and 2009. RESULTS There were a total of 10,070 new and 755(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine gender differences in sputum submission and sputum smear positivity. METHODS Laboratory registers in all diagnostic units in eight districts in Malawi were examined for the years 1995 and 1996. RESULTS During a 12-month period (averaged between 1995 and 1996), 26,624 new TB suspects submitted sputum samples, 3282 of which (12.3%)(More)
UNLABELLED Child stunting and anemia are intractable public health problems in developing countries and have profound short- and long-term consequences. The Sanitation Hygiene Infant Nutrition Efficacy (SHINE) trial is motivated by the premise that environmental enteric dysfunction (EED) is a major underlying cause of both stunting and anemia, that chronic(More)
A case-control study was carried out in Mzimba district to determine whether household members of a patient with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) had an increased frequency of TB compared with households where no TB had been previously diagnosed. There were 79 patients with PTB (66 with smear-positive PTB and 13 with smear-negative PTB) and 79 controls, matched(More)
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