Alice Mundt

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Envelope glycoprotein M (gM) and the complex formed by glycoproteins E (gE) and I (gI) are involved in the secondary envelopment of pseudorabies virus (PrV) particles in the cytoplasm of infected cells. In the absence of the gE-gI complex and gM, envelopment is blocked and capsids surrounded by tegument proteins accumulate in the cytoplasm (A. R. Brack, J.(More)
Viral vector vaccines using fowl poxvirus (FPV) and herpesvirus of turkey (HVT) as vectors and carrying infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) genes are commercially available to the poultry industry in the USA. Different sectors of the broiler industry have used these vaccines in ovo or subcutaneously, achieving variable results. The objective of the(More)
Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is a highly contagious respiratory disease of chickens caused by infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV). The disease is mainly controlled through biosecurity and by vaccination with live-attenuated vaccines. The chicken embryo origin (CEO) vaccines, although proven to be effective in experimental settings, have limited(More)
OBJECTIVES Different inbred mouse strains but also each animal of the same strain show an individually different stress response which is influenced by genetic and environmental factors such as early life experiences. In this study, we investigated consequences of mild postnatal stress exposure on the stress coping style of adult BALB/c mice. METHODS We(More)
An indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed using baculovirus, purified, recombinant N1 protein from A/chicken/Indonesia/PA7/2003 (H5N1) virus. The N1-ELISA showed high selectivity for detection of N1 antibodies, with no cross-reactivity with other neuraminidase subtypes, and broad reactivity with sera to N1 subtype isolates from(More)
A laser cooling method for trapped atoms is presented which achieves ground state cooling by exploiting quantum interference in a Λ-shaped arrangement of atomic levels driven by two lasers. 1 The scheme is technically simpler than existing methods of sideband cooling, yet it can be significantly more efficient, in particular when several motional modes are(More)
Glycoprotein J (gJ) of infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) represents a major viral antigen and is dispensable for replication in cell culture and chickens. We generated gJ deletion mutants derived from the United States Department of Agriculture standard challenge strain (USDA-ch), a GFP-expressing mutant GΔgJ, a gJ deletion mutant void of any(More)
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