Learn More
The major determinants of human polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) body burden include the source and route of exposure and the toxicokinetic processes occurring after uptake. However, the relative importance of each factor for individual subjects cannot currently be determined. The present study characterizes levels and patterns of PCB congeners in a large(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) exposure has been linked to a variety of toxic effects in animal experiments and in certain human case reports and epidemiologic studies. A total of 209 individual PCB congeners are possible, based on chlorination level and ring substitution pattern. Commercial PCBs are a complex mixture of congeners, and over 75 of these have(More)
The New York State Department of Health is performing an investigation of Mohawk men, women, and infants who live at the Akwesasne Reserve along the St. Lawrence River in New York, Ontario, and Quebec Three large industrial facilities bordering the Akwesasne Reserve have seriously contaminated the soil and the sediments and fish of the adjacent St. Lawrence(More)
Most humans have detectable body burdens of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), and p,p'-dichlorophenyldichloroethylene p,p'-DDE), a metabolite of p,p'-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT). Native American communities may be at increased risk of exposure through subsistence-based diets and greater physical contact with contaminated(More)
A study was conducted to assess local fish consumption patterns and their relationship to concentrations of total polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the serum of Mohawk men residing near three hazardous waste sites. From 1992 to 1995, 139 men were interviewed and donated a 20-ml venous blood sample. The results indicated that the men ate a mean of 21.2(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been suspected for some time of having adverse effects on neuropsychological functioning in humans. While there is evidence of slowing of cognitive function in children associated with exposure to PCBs, the evidence of comparable effects on adults is far less well understood. We report here on the neuropsychological(More)
The Mohawk Nation at Akwesasne, comprised of approximately 10,000 people, is located along the St. Lawrence River in upstate New York. The Akwesasne reservation has been contaminated by local industries, which are located on the St. Lawrence River and its tributaries, and by upstream sources on the Great Lakes. The closest known source of contamination to(More)
This paper reports on the relationships between the cognitive functioning and PCB current body burdens of adolescents in the Mohawk Nation of Akwesasne where there is concern about industrial pollution of the environment. Three cognitive tests (Woodcock Johnson-Revised, Test of Memory and Learning, and Ravens Progressive Matrices) provide 13 subtests that(More)
This paper describes a research partnership between the people of Akwesasne and researchers from the State University of New York at Albany for the study of polychlorinated biphenyls and the health of Mohawk youth. The study is distinctive because its goals have been set by the scientists and the community members and is being conducted jointly by these(More)
A study was conducted to address the question of how fish consumption, occupation, and outdoor air affected serum PCB concentrations and congener patterns among 139 Native American men living near three hazardous waste sites. They were interviewed about their residential, occupational, and dietary histories, and donated 20 ml of venous blood for(More)