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This paper is based on the premises that the purpose of engineering education is to graduate engineers who can design, and that design thinking is complex. The paper begins by briefly reviewing the history and role of design in the engineering curriculum. Several dimensions of design thinking are then detailed, explaining why design is hard to learn and(More)
Information retrieval (IR) systems interact with users by returning a ranked list of relevant documents in response to a query. Through feedback mechanisms such as relevance feedback and automated keyword expansion, IR systems attempt to guide users in constructing search queries which better represent their information needs. These mechanisms, however, do(More)
Energy savings and user satisfaction are two major design considerations for modern lighting systems. While some new commercial lighting systems for shared-space office buildings have been able to achieve significant savings via various lighting control strategies, the occupants' diverse lighting preferences and visual comfort have been generally overlooked(More)
This paper describes an empirical study of student designers' sketching activities in new product design teams. A comprehensive list of metrics associated with sketches is identified and their relative level of importance at different stages in the design process is evaluated. Correlations between sketching activities, variety of the concept sketches, and(More)
This implementation paper introduces principles for the informationarchitecture of an educational digital library, principles that address the distinction between designing digital libraries for education and designing digital libraries for information retrieval in general. Design is a key element of any successful product. Good designers and their(More)
An interface for software that creates a natural environment for engineering graphics students to improve their spatial reasoning and 3D visualization skills is described. The skills of interest involve spatial transformations and rotations, specifically those skills that engineers use to reason about 3D objects based on 2D representations. The software(More)
In equipment monitoring and diagnostics, it is very important to distinguish between a sensor failure and a system failure. In this paper, we develop a comprehensive methodology based on a hybrid system of AI and statistical techniques. The methodology is designed for monitoring complex equipment systems, which validates the sensor data, associates a degree(More)
This paper develops a new method for implementing mass-customization, namely, the customization around standard products , or catalog-based customization. The method addresses the customization requirements of a class of products that are complex in connguration, multi-functional and structurally similar. We formulate catalog-based customization as an(More)