Alice M. Agogino

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This paper is based on the premises that the purpose of engineering education is to graduate engineers who can design, and that design thinking is complex. The paper begins by briefly reviewing the history and role of design in the engineering curriculum. Several dimensions of design thinking are then detailed, explaining why design is hard to learn and(More)
We combine interactive evolutionary computation (IEC) with existing evolutionary synthesis software for the design of micromachined resonators and evaluate its effectiveness using human evaluation of the final designs and a test for statistical significance of the improvements. The addition of IEC produces superior designs with fewer potential design or(More)
An emerging model in concurrent product design and manufacturing is the federation of workgroups across traditional functional “silos.” Along with the benefits of this concurrency comes the complexity of sharing and accessing design information. The primary challenge in sharing design information across functional workgroups lies in reducing the complex(More)
An algorithm for automated construction of a sparse Bayesian network given an unstructured probabilis­ tic model and causal domain information from an expert has been developed and implemented. The goal is to obtain a network that explicitly reveals as much information regarding conditional indepen­ dence as possible. The network is built incrementally(More)
This paper presents a novel method of using Interactive Evolutionary Computation (IEC) for the design of Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS). A key limitation of IEC is human fatigue. Based on the results of a study of a previous IEC MEMS tool, an alternate form that requires less human interaction is presented. The method is applied on top of a(More)
A metaphor allows us to understand one concept in terms of another, enriching our mental imagery and imbuing concepts with meaningful attributes. Metaphors are well studied in design, for example, in branding, communication and the design of computer interfaces. Less well appreciated is that our understanding of fundamental design concepts, including design(More)
The application of wireless sensor networks to commercial lighting control provides a practical application that can benefit directly from artificial intelligence techniques. This application requires decision making in the face of uncertainty, with needs for system self-configuration and learning. Such a system is particularly well-suited to the evaluation(More)
Human-centered design teams must integrate diverse individual perspectives into a shared understanding during conceptual design. The team's shared knowledge of their users becomes the basis for later design decisions. We conducted a formative study that shows how generic groupware is insufficient to support the transition from individual to collaborative(More)