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BACKGROUND CD4+FOXP3+ regulatory T cells (Treg) depend on interleukin (IL)-2 for their function and survival. By interfering with the IL-2 production, calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) may negatively affect Treg. Here, we describe the effects of conversion from CNI to mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) monotherapy on renal function, and on Treg frequency and phenotype(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Altered expression of members of the Bcl-2 family might account for the observed apoptosis resistance to chemotherapy in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Given the poor prognosis associated with CD34+ expression in AML, we studied the role of spontaneous apoptosis and apoptosis regulatory proteins in sorted CD34+ and CD34- primary AML(More)
Immune regulatory CD4+CD25+ T cells play a crucial role in inducing and maintaining allograft tolerance in experimental models of transplantation (Tx). In humans, the effect of Tx and immunosuppression on the function and homeostasis of CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) is not well characterized. In this study, the frequency of Tregs in liver transplant(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is the leading indication for liver transplantation. Clinical evidence suggests that particular immunosuppressive agents can have an influence on HCV recurrence. Cyclosporine A (CsA) specifically inhibits HCV replication through blocking the viral RNA polymerase enzyme NS5B. In this study, we(More)
  • A Kok
  • Medical hypotheses
  • 1993
The mechanism of death following exposure to anticholinesterases, such as the highly toxic nerve agents soman and VX, and other organophosphate anticholinesterases such as the insecticide parathion, remains unclear, although evidence from nerve agent research suggests that death occurs by an atropine blockable respiratory failure mediated through mechanisms(More)
PURPOSE Apoptosis is an important mechanism regulating survival of acute myeloid leukemia cells. The apoptosis-related protein profile at diagnosis is important for achieving complete remission thereby affecting survival variables such as disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS).To investigate the role of the apoptosis protein profile in(More)
Minimal residual disease (MRD) cells are thought to be responsible for the persistence and relapse of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Flow cytometric MRD detection by the establishment of a leukemia-associated phenotype (LAP) at diagnosis can be used in 80% of AML patients, allowing detection and functional characterization of MRD in follow-up bone marrow.(More)
Organ transplantation (Tx) results in a transfer of donor leukocytes from the graft to the recipient, which can lead to chimerism and may promote tolerance. It remains unclear whether this tolerance involves donor-derived regulatory T cells (Tregs). In this study, we examined the presence and allosuppressive activity of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ Tregs in perfusates(More)
CD25 (IL-2 receptor alpha-chain) marks a population of CD4-positive T cells with a suppressor phenotype. These CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells can suppress both effector T cells and antigen-presenting cells and have been identified as a principle regulator of tolerance in experimental transplantation models. In the setting of human liver transplantation,(More)
Intragraft accumulation of Forkhead box P3 (FOXP3)-positive regulatory T cells (Treg) is associated with local suppression of alloresponses in transplantation models. In the current study, the utility of the minimally invasive fine needle aspiration biopsy for the intragraft detection of FOXP3 and interferon (IFN)-gamma mRNA expression was investigated in(More)