Alice Kate G. Cummings

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OBJECTIVE To estimate the annual, per-patient incremental burden of diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS DFU patients and non-DFU patients with diabetes (controls) were selected using two de-identified databases: ages 65+ years from a 5% random sample of Medicare beneficiaries (Standard Analytical Files, January 2007-December 2010) and(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to examine the effect of treatment timing on risk of institutionalization of Medicaid patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and to estimate the economic implications of earlier diagnosis and treatment initiation. METHODS New Jersey Medicaid claims data (1997-2009) were used retrospectively to study the effect of(More)
BACKGROUND Opioid abuse and dependence is problematic across many age groups, including the working-age population and their dependents. Little is known, however, about the economic costs of opioid abuse/dependence imposed on employers, who pay for a substantial portion of healthcare costs through their contributions to employer-sponsored health insurance(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the annual incremental per-patient and overall payer burden (2012USD) of venous leg ulcers (VLU) in the US. METHODS Beneficiaries with and without VLU were identified using two de-identified insurance claims databases: aged 65+ from a 5% random sample of Medicare beneficiaries (2007-2010: n ∼ 2.3 million); and aged 18-64 from a(More)
INTRODUCTION Recent developments in diagnostic technology can support earlier, more accurate diagnosis of non-Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementias. METHODS To evaluate potential economic benefits of early rule-out of AD, annual medical resource use and costs for Medicare beneficiaries potentially misdiagnosed with AD prior to their diagnosis of vascular(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess basal insulin persistence, associated factors, and economic outcomes for insulin-naïve people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in the US. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS People aged ≥18 years diagnosed with T2DM initiating basal insulin between April 2006 and March 2012 (index date), no prior insulin use, and continuous insurance(More)
BACKGROUND While there are validated patient-reported outcomes (PRO) instruments for use in specific cancer populations, no validated general instruments exist for use in conditions common to multiple cancers, such as muscle wasting and consequent physical disability. The Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey (MCBS), a survey in a nationally representative(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop an economic model to estimate the change in the number of events and costs of non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI) and non-fatal ischemic stroke (IS) as a result of implementing routine risk-stratification with a multiple inflammatory biomarker approach. METHODS Reductions in the numbers of non-fatal MI and non-fatal IS events and in(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Prior research has documented that Alzheimer's disease (AD) is associated with increased costs from comorbid conditions. However, little is known about medical resource utilization and costs among AD patients prior to the onset of cognitive symptoms. This study estimates excess acute care costs among Medicaid AD patients in the(More)