Alice J Canaan

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BACKGROUND We have recently shown that lethally irradiated normal strains of mice and rats, reconstituted with bone marrow from severe combined immune deficiency (SCID) mice, can be engrafted with human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). METHODS The feasibility of transplanting human renal tissue under the kidney capsule of the SCID/Lewis and(More)
B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is characterized by the clonal accumulation of CD5+ B cells. It has been suggested that CLL cells may be regulated by inhibitory and growth-promoting signals exerted by autologous T cells. We have recently described a model for human B-CLL in which peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) are transplanted into the(More)
Biodistribution studies were carried out on 14C-labeled benzoporphyrin derivative monoacid ring A (BPD), which had been formulated as a unilamellar liposome or taken from a stock solution in dimethyl sulfoxide diluted into phosphate-buffered saline immediately before intravenous injection into DBA/2 mice. By and large the general distribution of BPD to(More)
Mallory-Denk bodies (MDBs) are aggresomes composed of undigested ubiqutinated short lived proteins which have accumulated because of a decrease in the rate of their degradation by the 26s proteasome. The decrease in the activity of the proteasome is due to a shift in the activity of the 26s proteasome to the immunoproteasome triggered by an increase in(More)
Lubin et al recently described a new approach that enables the generation of human/mouse chimera by adoptive transfer of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) into lethally irradiated normal strains of mice, radioprotected with bone marrow (BM) from donors with severe combined immune deficiency (SCID). In the present study, we demonstrate in such(More)
Severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice are increasingly used as hosts for the adoptive transfer of human lymphocytes. Human antibody responses can be obtained in these xenogeneic chimeras, but information about the functionality of the human T cells in SCID mice is limited and controversial. Studies using human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL)(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) using the photosensitizer BPD-Verteporfin (liposomal benzoporphyrin derivative-monoacid ring A) has been shown in previous studies to be effective in the amelioration of inflammatory arthritis in both the MRL-lpr mouse and the New Zealand White (NZW) rabbit models, and could potentially offer alleviation of certain(More)
B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (BCLL) is a lymphoproliferative disease that is characterized by clonal expansion of CD5+ B cells. BCLL is associated with secondary immunodeficiency and hypogammaglobulinemia. It has been suggested that T-cell dysregulation may play a role in the hypogammaglobulinemia and in the increased incidence of autoimmunity in BCLL(More)
Benzoporphyrin derivative monoacid ring A (BPD), a hydrophobic chlorin-like porphyrin derivative, which fluoresces strongly at 690 nm, may have potential for both oncologic and nononcologic applications in photodynamic therapy (PDT). To study the influence of cellular characteristics on the uptake of BPD, the murine tumor cell line (P815), and in vitro and(More)
Previous studies performed in our laboratory have shown that B-CLL cells are involved in the production of anti-red cell auto-antibodies, providing a possible mechanism for the auto-immune hemolytic anemia occurring during the course of B-CLL. In order to confirm this hypothesis, we attempted to transfer human B-CLL with AIHA to immunodeficient mice.(More)